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History-Unit 5 (Thucydides & Greek Architecture) > Greek Architecture Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Greek Architecture Questions Deck (6)
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1

History of the construction or Acropolis & functions

-1st built in Neolithic Era, used as natural element of defense bc of its location on high ground
-480 BC, Acropolis razed when Persians sacked Athens
-460 BC Pericles ordered reconstruction
-437 BC, propylaea began construction but stopped in 432, entrance being controlled bc the city treasury was kept there

2

Propylaea function

-monumental gateway of Acropolis
-used to control entrance
-ppl who were not ritually clean could not enter
-extra security was needed bc city treasury was kept in Acropolis

3

Three artists involved in construction of Parthenon?

Ictinus-architect
Callicrates-architect
Phidias-sculptor

4

Describe the statue of Athena in the Parthenon

-HUGE (colossal)
-made from chryselephantine (gold & ivory)
-holding Nike in her hand

5

What are the 4 scenes depicted on the friezes of the 4 sides of the Parthenon?

-East: Gigantomachy
-West: Amazonomachy
-South: Centauromachy
-North: Trojanomachy

6

What are the 2 scenes depicted in the pediments of the Parthenon?

-East: birth of Athena
-West: Athena & Poseidon's contest for Athens