Greek Grammar 15 (Middle:Passive verbs) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Greek Grammar 15 (Middle:Passive verbs) Deck (19):
1

Identify the verb "γίνεσθε" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 2nd person plural. "You (all) become". Or Present Imperative Active Plural. "be! (all of you)"

2

What did the 2nd person singular initially look like before "γίνῃ"? Why does it change?

γίνεσαι. When a sigma appears between vowels ε,α,ι. It tends to drop. The rule is ε + αι = ῃ

3

What is a deponent verb?

A deponent verb is a verb that looks like middle or passive. It borrows the endings from the middle or passive voice, however it's meaning is active.

4

What is a thematic vowel and which ones are they?

A thematic vowel is a short vowel that changes. They are the ε, ο, and ι.

5

Identify the verb "γίνονται" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 3rd person plural. "they become"

6

Identify the verb "γίνομαι" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 1st person singular. "I become"

7

Using the root "λυω". What are the 3 different verb forms. (i.e. Active, Middle and Passive). Translate them.

Active = λύω "I untie". Middle = λύομαι "I untie myself". Passive = λύομαι "I am united (by somebody else)"

8

Identify the verb "γίνῃ" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 2nd person singular. "You become"

9

Identify the verb "δύνανται" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 3rd person plural. "they are able, can"

10

Identify the verb "δύνασαι" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 2nd person singular. "You are able, can"

11

Identify the verb "δύναται" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 3rd person singular. "he/she/it is able, can"

12

Identify the verb "δύνασθαι" and translate.

Present Infinitive Active. "to be able"

13

Identify the verb "δύναμαι" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 1st person singular. "I am able, can"

14

Identify the verb "γίνεσθαι" and translate.

Present Infinitive Active. "to become"

15

Identify the verb "γινόμεθα" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 1st person plural. "We become"

16

Identify the verb "γίνου" and translate.

Present Imperative Active Singular. "be!"

17

Identify the verb "γίνεται" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 3rd person singular. "he/she/it becomes"

18

Identify the verb "δύνασθε" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 2nd person plural. "You (all) are able, can"

19

Identify the verb "δυνάμεθα" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 1st person plural. "We are able, can"