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Flashcards in Greek Grammar combined Deck (289):
1

Identify the verb "ἐστί(ν)" and translate.

present tense 3rd person singular. He/she/it is

2

What is the gender, case and number of 'ὁ'?

Nominative, Masculine, Singular

3

Change the phrase "τὰς μικρὰς οἰκίας" from nominative to accusative (or opposite) then translate.

αἱ μικραὶ οἰκίαι. "the small houses"

4

Identify the verb "δύνανται" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 3rd person plural. "they are able, can"

5

With first declension nouns in the mixed category. Using the root 'θάλασσα'. What is the feminine singular noun of the Genitive?

θαλάσσης

6

Using the root 'ἄνθρωπον'. What is the second declension, masculine singular noun of the Accusative

τὸν ἄνθρωπον

7

What case describes the direct object?

The accusative case.

8

Identify the verb "γινόμεθα" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 1st person plural. "We become"

9

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτῇ'. Translate.

Third person Feminine Dative singular "to/for her"

10

Identify the verb "δύνασθαι" and translate.

Present Infinitive Active. "to be able"

11

What is a deponent verb?

A deponent verb is a verb that looks like middle or passive. It borrows the endings from the middle or passive voice, however it's meaning is active.

12

Using the root 'ἄνθρωπον'. What is the second declension, masculine singular noun of the Genitive

τοῦ ἀνθρώπου

13

What case/s does the prepostion 'πρὸς' appear before? How should it be translated?

The Accusative case. "toward, with"

14

What is morphology?

Morphology has to do with how the words look like.

15

What accent mark is ` ?

The Grave

16

What is the gender, case and number of 'τῆς'?

Genitive, Feminine, Singular

17

What breathing mark is ' ἁ ' and does it carry with it a certain sound?

a rough breathing mark. It has a 'h' sound before the vowel.

18

What is the predicate (of a sentence)?

Mostly a verb. It's what is said about the subject.

19

Identify the first declension masculine noun "προφήτης".

Nominative singular

20

With first declension nouns ending in 'α'. Using the root 'σοφία'. What is the feminine singular noun of the Genitive?

σοφίας

21

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Accusative, Masculine, Singular form?

καλόν

22

Identify the personal pronoun 'σοῦ'. Translate.

Second person Genitive singular, emphatic "of you"

23

Using the root 'τέκνον'. What is the second declension, neuter plural noun of the Nominative

τὰ τέκνα

24

Change the phrase "ἡμεῖς" from nominative to accusative (or opposite) then translate.

ἡμᾶς. "we"

25

Translate the phrase "ἀγαθὴ ἡ γῆ". What form is it?

The earth is good. Predicate.

26

Identify the case of the prepostion in the phrase 'εἰς τὸ πρόσωπον'. Translate.

Accusative. "into his face"

27

Identify the verb "γράφομεν" and translate?

Present Indicative Active 1st person plural. We write.

28

With first declension nouns in the mixed category. Using the root 'θάλασσα'. What is the feminine plural noun of the Genitive?

θαλασσῶν

29

What is a conjunction?

A word that joins together two sentences, clauses or words. E.g. and, but, because, also. Etc.

30

Identify the case of the prepostion in the phrase 'διὰ τὴν γῆν'. Translate.

Accusative. "because of the land"

31

Which vowel takes ONLY a rough breathing mark at the beginning?

The 'υ' (upsilon).

32

what is the only consonant that takes a rough breathing mark at the beginning?

The 'ρ' (Rho)

33

What does the definite article need to agree with in the noun?

The gender, number and the case.

34

Change the phrase "τὸν ὅλον κόσμον" from nominative to accusative (or opposite) then translate.

ὁ ὅλος κόσμος. "The whole universe"

35

What is the gender, case and number of 'οἱ'?

Nominative, Masculine, Plural

36

Identify the verb "ἦτε" and translate.

past tense 2nd person plural. You (all) were

37

If there is no article in front of the adjective, how is it to be translated?

It's translated with a linking verb. i.e. "to be, become".

38

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτός'. Translate.

Third person Masculine Nominative singular "he"

39

What is a adjective?

A word that adds further description to a noun.

40

Translate the phrase "τὰ αὐτά". Is it Attributive or Predicate?

The same things. Attributive position.

41

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτούς'. Translate.

Third person Masculine Accusative plural "them"

42

Change the phrase "τῇ πρώτῃ ἡμέρᾳ" from singular to plural (or opposite) then translate.

ταῖς πρώταις ἡμέραις. "to the first days"

43

Translate the phrase "αὐτὴ ἡ γῆ". Is it Attributive or Predicate?

The land itself. Predicate position.

44

Identify the verb "γράφω" and translate?

Present Indicative Active 1st person singular. I write.

45

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Genitive, Masculine, Singular form?

καλοῦ

46

Identify the verb "γράφεις" and translate?

Present Indicative Active 2nd person singular. You write.

47

Identify the case of the prepostion in the phrase 'πρὸς τὸν θεόν'. Translate.

Accusative. "towards God"

48

Identify the first declension masculine noun "προφῆται".

Nominative plural

49

With first declension nouns in the mixed category. Using the root 'θάλασσα'. What is the feminine singular noun of the Accusative?

θάλασσαν

50

Using the root 'τέκνον'. What is the second declension, neuter plural noun of the Genitive

τῶν τέκνων

51

What is the gender, case and number of 'τό'?

Nominative Or Accusative, Neuter, Singular

52

What case/s does the prepostion 'ἐπάνω' appear before? How should it be translated?

The Genitive case. "above / over / upon"

53

With first declension nouns in the mixed category. Using the root 'θάλασσα'. What is the feminine plural noun of the Dative?

θαλάσσαις

54

What is the gender, case and number of 'τοῦ'?

Genitive, Masculine Or Neuter, Singular

55

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτῶν'. Translate.

Third person Masculine Genitive plural "their" OR Third person Feminine Genitive plural "their" OR Third person Neuter Genitive plural "their"

56

Identify the case of the prepostion in the phrase 'ἐν ἀρχῇ'. Translate.

Dative. "in the beginning"

57

Identify the personal pronoun 'μοι'. Translate.

First person Dative singular, enclitic "to/for me"

58

What case/s does the prepostion 'ὑπὲρ' appear before? How should it be translated?

The Genitive case. "above/beyond"

59

Identify the verb "ἤμην" and translate.

past tense 1st person singular. I was

60

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Dative, Feminine, Singular form?

καλῇ

61

What is the form of the Substantive Adjective and what's missing?

Article + Adjective. The noun is missing. It is understood but it is not there.

62

Identify the first declension masculine noun "προφήτῃ".

Dative singular

63

Translate the phrase "τὸ αὐτὸ ἔργον". Is it Attributive or Predicate?

The same deed. Attributive position.

64

Identify the first declension masculine noun "προφήτας".

Accusative plural

65

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτήν'. Translate.

Third person Feminine Accusative singular "her"

66

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτάς'. Translate.

Third person Feminine Accusative plural "them"

67

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτῷ'. Translate.

Third person Masculine Dative singular "to/for him"

68

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Genitive, Masculine, Plural form?

καλῶν

69

If the third person pronoun is functioning like an adjective and it has a definite article, how does it function?

Like an Attributive Adjective. Translate with "same".

70

What is syntax?

Syntax is how the word functions in the sentence. i.e. if a word is the subject, direct or indirect object etc.

71

Identify the personal pronoun 'με'. Translate.

First person Accusative singular, enclitic "me"

72

Using the root 'ἄνθρωπον'. What is the second declension, masculine plural noun of the Nominative

οἱ ἄνθρωποι

73

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτοῖς'. Translate.

Third person Masculine Dative plural "to/for them" OR Third person Neuter Dative plural "to/for them"

74

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτόν'. Translate.

Third person Masculine Accusative singular "him"

75

Identify the verb "γίνῃ" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 2nd person singular. "You become"

76

Change the phrase "τὰ ἔργα" from singular to plural (or opposite) then translate.

τὸ ἔργον. "the deed"

77

Identify the personal pronoun 'σου'. Translate.

Second person Genitive singular, enclitic "of you"

78

Identify the case of the prepostion in the phrase 'περὶ τὸν κόσμον'. Translate.

Accusative. "around the universe"

79

Identify the verb "γράφε" and translate?

Present Imperative Active Singular. Write!

80

Using the root 'ἄνθρωπον'. What is the second declension, masculine singular noun of the Nominative

ὁ ἄνθρωπος

81

How many groups are there in the first declension nouns? What are they?

There are 3. Words ending in 'η'. Words ending in either 'α, ι, or ρ'. And a mixed group.

82

Identify the verb "ἦσαν" and translate.

past tense 3rd person plural. They were

83

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Accusative, Masculine, Plural form?

καλούς

84

Identify the verb "γράφουσι(ν)" and translate?

Present Indicative Active 3rd person plural. They write.

85

What case describes the subject?

The nominative case.

86

Using the root 'ἄνθρωπον'. What is the second declension, masculine plural noun of the Accusative

τοὺς ἀνθρώπους

87

What is the gender, case and number of 'τοῖς'?

Dative, Masculine Or Neuter, Plural

88

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Dative, Neuter, Plural, form?

καλοῖς

89

What case/s does there NOT appear a preposition?

The nominative and the vocative cases.

90

Translate the phrase "ὁ αὐτὸς ἄνθρωπος". Is it Attributive or Predicate?

The same man. Attributive position.

91

Identify the first declension masculine noun "προφήτου".

Genitive singular

92

Identify the personal pronoun 'ὑμεῖς'. Translate.

Second person Nominative plural "you"

93

If a noun ends in 'ε, ι, or ρ', how does it decline?

It declines like the 'σοφία' group.

94

With first declension nouns in the mixed category. Using the root 'θάλασσα'. What is the feminine singular noun of the Nominative?

θάλασσα

95

Identify the verb "ἐσμέν" and translate.

present tense 1st person plural. We are

96

What is the gender, case and number of 'τῶν'?

Genitive, Masculine/Feminine Or Neuter, Plural

97

Identify the first declension masculine noun "προφήταις".

Dative plural

98

With the verb "γράφουσι(ν)". What is the "ν" called at the end of the verb and in what instance would you see it?

It is called the "movable Nu". It appears at the end when it is followed by either a vowel or a punctuation mark.

99

Which case describes the indirect object?

The Dative case.

100

Using the root 'τέκνον'. What is the second declension, neuter singular noun of the Accusative

τὸ τέκνον

101

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Accusative, Neuter, Plural form?

καλά

102

Change the phrase "τὸ αὐτὸ τέκνον" from singular to plural (or opposite) then translate.

τὰ αὐτὰ τέκνα. "the same children"

103

What is the gender, case and number of 'τῇ'?

Dative, Feminine, Singular

104

Identify the personal pronoun 'ὑμῶν'. Translate.

Second person Genitive plural "of you"

105

Identify the case of the prepostion in the phrase 'μετὰ τὴν ἡμέραν'. Translate.

Accusative. "after the day"

106

Change the phrase "ἡ ἐμὴ σοφία" from nominative to accusative (or opposite) then translate.

τὴν ἐμὴν σοφίαν. "my wisdom"

107

With first declension nouns ending in 'η'. Using the root 'ζωη'. What is the feminine singular noun of the Genitive?

ζωῆς

108

Identify the personal pronoun 'ὑμῖν'. Translate.

Second person Dative plural "to/for you"

109

Identify the personal pronoun 'σε'. Translate.

Second person Accusative singular, enclitic "you"

110

With first declension nouns ending in 'η'. Using the root 'ζωη'. What is the feminine singular noun of the Accusative?

ζωήν

111

What accent mark is ῀ ?

The circumflex

112

Identify the verb "εἰμί" and translate.

present tense 1st person singular. I am

113

With first declension nouns ending in 'η'. Using the root 'ζωη'. What is the feminine plural noun of the Dative?

ζωαῖς

114

Identify the personal pronoun 'μου'. Translate.

First person Genitive singular, enclitic "of me"

115

Identify the case of the prepostion in the phrase 'περὶ τοῦ Πέτρου'. Translate.

Genitive. "concerning Peter"

116

What case/s does the prepostion 'μετά' appear before? How should it be translated?

The Genitive case. "with". And the Accusative case. "after, behind"

117

If the third person pronoun is functioning like an adjective and it doesn't have a definite article, how does it function?

Like a predicate Adjective. Translate with "self OR selves".

118

What breathing mark is ' ἀ ' and does it carry with it a certain sound?

a smooth breathing mark. There is no specific pronounciation.

119

How is the Dipthong 'ΕΥ' sounded?

eu as in Feud (Pronounced seperately like "Hey you"

120

With first declension nouns ending in 'η'. Using the root 'ζωη'. What is the feminine plural noun of the Accusative?

ζωάς

121

Identify the first declension masculine noun "προφήτην".

Accusative singular

122

With first declension nouns in the mixed category. Using the root 'θάλασσα'. What is the feminine singular noun of the Dative?

θαλάσσῃ

123

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτῷ'. Translate.

Third person Neuter Dative singular "to/for it"

124

What accent mark is ´ ?

The accute

125

What case/s does the prepostion 'ἐκ' appear before? How should it be translated?

The Genitive case. "From / Out of"

126

What is a direct object?

A word that specifies who/what is directly affected by the verb.

127

What case/s does the prepostion 'ἀπὸ' appear before? How should it be translated?

The Genitive case. "Away from".

128

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Nominative, Masculine, Plural form?

καλοί

129

Using the root 'τέκνον'. What is the second declension, neuter plural noun of the Vocative

ὦ τέκνα

130

With first declension nouns ending in 'η'. Using the root 'ζωη'. What is the feminine singular noun of the Dative?

ζωῇ

131

Identify the verb "γίνεσθαι" and translate.

Present Infinitive Active. "to become"

132

What did the 2nd person singular initially look like before "γίνῃ"? Why does it change?

γίνεσαι. When a sigma appears between vowels ε,α,ι. It tends to drop. The rule is ε + αι = ῃ

133

With first declension nouns ending in 'α'. Using the root 'σοφία'. What is the feminine singular noun of the Accusative?

σοφίαν

134

Identify the personal pronoun 'ἡμᾶς'. Translate.

First person Accusative plural "us"

135

With first declension nouns ending in 'η'. Using the root 'ζωη'. What is the feminine plural noun of the Nominative?

ζωαί

136

With first declension nouns in the mixed category. Using the root 'θάλασσα'. What is the feminine plural noun of the Accusative?

θαλάσσας

137

What is the form of the Attributive Adjective?

Article + Adjective + Noun

138

What is the form of the Predicate Adjective?

Adjective + Article + Noun OR Article + Noun + Adjective

139

How is the Dipthong 'ΟΙ' sounded?

oi as in Oil

140

Which case expresses possesion?

The Genitive case.

141

Identify the case of the prepostion in the phrase 'ἀπὸ τοῦ πονηροῦ'. Translate.

Genitive. "away from evil"

142

Change the phrase "τὴν ἀληθείαν" from nominative to accusative (or opposite) then translate.

ἡ ἀλήθεια. "the truth"

143

Using the root 'ἄνθρωπον'. What is the second declension, masculine plural noun of the Genitive

τῶν ἀνθρώπων

144

Translate the phrase "ἐν αὐτῷ τῷ τόπῳ". Is it Attributive or Predicate?

In the place itself, or in that very place. Predicate position.

145

What is the vocative case commonly called and what is it's main use?

The calling case. We use the vocative when we wish to address someone. E.g. 'Oh Lord'.

146

What case/s does the prepostion 'διά' appear before? How should it be translated?

The Genitive case. "through". And the Accusative case. "for the sake of"

147

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Dative, Neuter, Singular, form?

καλῷ

148

Using the root 'τέκνον'. What is the second declension, neuter plural noun of the Dative

τοῖς τέκνοις

149

Change the phrase "τὰ πνεὺματα τὰ ἅγια" from nominative to accusative (or opposite) then translate.

τὰ πνεύματα τὰ ἅγια. "the holy souls"

150

What case/s does the prepostion 'κατὰ' appear before? How should it be translated?

The Genitive case. "below" and the Accusative case. "Under" or "near"

151

Using the root 'τέκνον'. What is the second declension, neuter singular noun of the Nominative

τὸ τέκνον

152

Translate the phrase "ἡ καρδία ἡ αὐτή". Is it Attributive or Predicate?

The same heart. Attributive position.

153

Identify the verb "εἰσί(ν)" and translate.

present tense 3rd person plural. They are

154

Using the root 'ἄνθρωπον'. What is the second declension, masculine plural noun of the Vocative

ὦ ἄνθρωποι

155

Identify the personal pronoun 'σοι'. Translate.

Second person Dative singular, enclitic "to/for you"

156

Identify the verb "δύναμαι" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 1st person singular. "I am able, can"

157

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτῆς'. Translate.

Third person Feminine Genitive singular "her"

158

What happens with the endings of feminine nouns in the second declension?

Feminine nouns of the second declension have the endings of Masculine nouns.

159

Change the phrase "οἱ μακάριοι ψαλμοί" from nominative to accusative (or opposite) then translate.

τοὺς μακαρίους ψαλμούς. "the blessed psalms"

160

Identify the personal pronoun 'ἐμοῦ'. Translate.

First person Genitive singular, emphatic "of me"

161

What is the gender, case and number of 'τά'?

Nominative Or Accusative, Neuter, Plural

162

Identify the verb "γίνεσθε" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 2nd person plural. "You (all) become". Or Present Imperative Active Plural. "be! (all of you)"

163

Using the root 'τέκνον'. What is the second declension, neuter plural noun of the Accusative

τὰ τέκνα

164

what sound does a double gamma 'ΓΓ' make?

ng as in King.

165

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Nominative, Neuter, Plural form?

καλά

166

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτά'. Translate.

Third person Neuter Nominative plural "they" OR Third person Neuter Accusative plural "them"

167

Translate the phrase "ὁ αὐτὸς λέγει τὰ αὐτά". Is it Attributive or Predicate?

The same man says the same things. Attributive postion.

168

Identify the case of the prepostion in the phrase 'διὰ τῆς Ἰουδαίας'. Translate.

Genitive. "through Judaea"

169

What is the gender, case and number of 'ταῖς'?

Dative, Feminine, Plural

170

Identify the case of the prepostion in the phrase 'ὑπὲρ τῶν προβάτων'. Translate.

Genitive. "for the sake of the sheep"

171

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Genitive, Neuter, Plural form?

καλῶν

172

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Genitive, Neuter, Singular form?

καλοῦ

173

Change the phrase "τῶν ἀνθρώπων" from singular to plural (or opposite) then translate.

τοῦ ἀνθρώπου. "of the man"

174

How is the Dipthong 'ΑΙ' sounded?

ai as in Aisle

175

With first declension nouns in the mixed category. Using the root 'θάλασσα'. What is the feminine plural noun of the Nominative?

θάλασσαι

176

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐταῖς'. Translate.

Third person Feminine Dative plural "to/for them"

177

How is the Dipthong 'ΑΥ' sounded?

au as in Faust (or Ouch)

178

Identify the personal pronoun 'ἐμοί'. Translate.

First person Dative singular, emphatic "to/for me"

179

Translate the phrase "ὁ ποιμὴν ὁ καλὸς". What form is it?

the good shepherd. Attributive.

180

Change the phrase "τῆς φωνῆς τῆς καλῆς" from singular to plural (or opposite) then translate.

τῶν φωνῶν τῶν καλῶν. "of the good voices"

181

Identify the personal pronoun 'ἐμέ'. Translate.

First person Accusative singular, emphatic "me"

182

Translate the phrase "οἱ ἀπόστολοι αὐτοί". Is it Attributive or Predicate?

The apostles themsleves. Predicate position.

183

Identify the verb "ἤμεθα" and translate.

less common past tense 1st person plural. We were

184

Identify the verb "δύνασαι" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 2nd person singular. "You are able, can"

185

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Accusative, Neuter, Singular, form?

καλόν

186

Identify the verb "δυνάμεθα" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 1st person plural. "We are able, can"

187

Identify the verb "ἐστέ" and translate.

present tense 2nd person plural. You (all) are

188

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτή'. Translate.

Third person Feminine Nominative singular "she"

189

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Nominative, Masculine, Singular form?

καλός

190

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Dative, Masculine, Singular form?

καλῷ

191

Using the root 'τέκνον'. What is the second declension, neuter singular noun of the Genitive

τοῦ τέκνου

192

Identify the personal pronoun 'ἡμῖν'. Translate.

First person Dative plural "to/for us"

193

Using the root 'τέκνον'. What is the second declension, neuter singular noun of the Dative

τῷ τέκνῳ

194

Identify the verb "δύνασθε" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 2nd person plural. "You (all) are able, can"

195

What is a thematic vowel and which ones are they?

A thematic vowel is a short vowel that changes. They are the ε, ο, and ι.

196

What case/s does the prepostion 'περί' appear before? How should it be translated?

The Genitive case. "concerning". And the Accusative case. "around"

197

Identify the verb "δύναται" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 3rd person singular. "he/she/it is able, can"

198

Identify the personal pronoun 'ὑμᾶς'. Translate.

Second person Accusative plural "you"

199

Using the root 'τέκνον'. What is the second declension, neuter singular noun of the Vocative

ὦ τέκνον

200

With first declension nouns ending in 'α'. Using the root 'σοφία'. What is the feminine plural noun of the Dative?

σοφίαις

201

What is an iota subscript?

It is a small iota found underneath a letter 'ῃ' mostly found at the end of a word. It can be found under 'α, η & ω'. Initially it sounded like a dipthong. E.g. 'ῃ' sounded like ey'i. But now we don't read it.

202

With first declension nouns ending in 'α'. Using the root 'σοφία'. What is the feminine plural noun of the Genitive?

σοφιῶν

203

What is a case?

A case is a specific ending at the end of a noun, pronoun or adjective.

204

What case/s does the prepostion 'ἐν' appear before? How should it be translated?

The Dative case. "In"

205

Identify the verb "ἦσθα" and translate.

less common past tense 2nd person singular. You were

206

What is an adverb?

A word that adds further description to a verb. How the action was performed.

207

Identify the personal pronoun 'ἐγώ'. Translate.

First person Nominative singular "I"

208

What is a verb?

A word that states an action, state or occurence.

209

Identify the verb "γίνομαι" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 1st person singular. "I become"

210

What is a second form of the Attributive Adjective?

Article + Noun + Article + Adjective.

211

What is the subject (of a sentence)?

a word (noun/pronoun) which does the action/state expressed by the verb.

212

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτοί'. Translate.

Third person Masculine Nominative plural "they"

213

With first declension nouns ending in 'α'. Using the root 'σοφία'. What is the feminine plural noun of the Accusative?

σοφίας

214

Identify the personal pronoun 'σοί'. Translate.

Second person Dative singular, emphatic "to/for you"

215

Identify the verb "γράφει" and translate?

Present Indicative Active 3rd person singular. He/she writes.

216

What is an indirect object?

A word that specifies who/what is indirectly affected by the verb. It usually has a preposition attached to it, though not always.

217

Using the root 'ἄνθρωπον'. What is the second declension, masculine singular noun of the Dative

τῷ ἀνθρώπῳ

218

Identify the case of the prepostion in the phrase 'κατὰ τῆν γῆν'. Translate.

Accusative. "under the earth"

219

Identify the first declension masculine noun "προφητῶν".

Genitive plural

220

Identify the verb "ἦς" and translate.

past tense 2nd person singular. You were

221

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Genitive, Feminine, Plural form?

καλῶν

222

Identify the personal pronoun 'ἡμῶν'. Translate.

First person Genitive plural "of us"

223

With first declension nouns ending in 'α'. Using the root 'σοφία'. What is the feminine singular noun of the Nominative?

σοφία

224

Identify the case of the preposition in the phrase 'ἐπάνω τοῦ ὕδατος'. Translate.

Genitive. "above the water"

225

What case/s does the prepostion 'εἰς' appear before? How should it be translated?

The Accusative case. "Into"

226

What is the gender, case and number of 'τόν'?

Accusative, Masculine, Singular

227

In the phrase "Εἰ υἱὸς εἶ τοῦ θεοῦ" which εί is the verb "to be" and why?

The word "εἶ" is the verb because it has the circumflex above it.

228

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐταί'. Translate.

Third person Feminine Nominative plural "they"

229

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτό'. Translate.

Third person Neuter Nominative singular "it"

230

Using the root 'ἄνθρωπον'. What is the second declension, masculine singular noun of the Vocative

ὦ ἄνθρωπε

231

Translate the phrase "ὁι ἄγγελοι μακάριοι". What form is it?

the angels are blessed. Predicate

232

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτοῦ'. Translate.

Third person Masculine Genitive singular "his"

233

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Dative, Masculine, Plural form?

καλοῖς

234

Identify the verb "ἦν" and translate.

past tense 3rd person singular. He/she/it was

235

Identify the personal pronoun 'σύ'. Translate.

Second person Nominative singular "you"

236

Identify the verb "ἦμεν" and translate.

past tense 1st person plural. We were

237

Change the phrase "τοὺς νόμους τοὺς πιστούς" from nominative to accusative (or opposite) then translate.

οἱ νόμοι οἱ πιστοί. "the trustworthy laws"

238

What is the gender, case and number of 'τούς'?

Accusative, Masculine, Plural

239

What is inflection?

Inflection means how nouns or pronouns change their endings in accordance with their function in the sentence.

240

Identify the verb "γίνεται" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 3rd person singular. "he/she/it becomes"

241

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτοῦ'. Translate.

Third person Neuter Genitive singular "its"

242

What is the gender, case and number of 'τῷ'?

Dative, Masculine Or Neuter, Singular

243

Identify the Indicative verb "γράφετε" and translate?

Either the Present Indicative Active 2nd person plural. You (all) write. OR Present Imperative Active Plural. Write! (all of you)

244

When a third person pronoun is found next to OR close to a noun. How can it sometimes function?

It can function like an Adjective. With the attributive or predicate position.

245

What is a noun?

The name of any person/place or thing.

246

Translate the phrase "τά καλὰ ἕργα". What form is it?

the good works. Attributive.

247

What is a pronoun?

A word used to replace a noun. i.e. he/she/it.

248

What is a preposition?

A word in front of a noun or pronoun to indicate how it fits into the rest of the sentence. E.g. to, into, upon, at. etc.

249

With first declension nouns ending in 'η'. Using the root 'ζωη'. What is the feminine plural noun of the Genitive?

ζωῶν

250

Identify the personal pronoun 'ἡμεῖς'. Translate.

First person Nominative plural "we"

251

With first declension nouns ending in 'α'. Using the root 'σοφία'. What is the feminine singular noun of the Dative?

σοφίᾳ

252

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Accusative, Feminine, Singular, form?

καλήν

253

Identify the verb "γίνου" and translate.

Present Imperative Active Singular. "be!"

254

Translate the phrase "τὰ ἐμὰ". What form is it?

my own (sheep/people etc). Substantive.

255

Translate the phrase "τὰ πονηρὰ πνεύματα". What form is it?

the evil spirits. Attributive.

256

With first declension nouns ending in 'α'. Using the root 'σοφία'. What is the feminine plural noun of the Nominative?

σοφίαι

257

How is the Dipthong 'ΟΥ' sounded?

ou as in route (Pronounced like "You")

258

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Nominative, Feminine, Plural form?

καλαί

259

Identify the case of the prepostion in the phrase 'ἐπὶ γῆς'. Translate.

Genitive. "upon earth"

260

Identify the verb "γράφειν" and translate?

Present Infinitive Active. To write.

261

With first declension nouns ending in 'η'. Using the root 'ζωη'. What is the feminine singular noun of the Nominative?

ζωή

262

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Nominative, Neuter, Singular form?

καλόν

263

Change the phrase "ὁ αὐτὸς υἱός" from nominative to accusative (or opposite) then translate.

τὸν αὐτὸν υἱόν. "the same son"

264

If the word "γράφετε" appears. How will you know whether it is imperative plural or the 2nd person plural indicative?

By the context. However if the word "μή" appears before the verb, it is negating the imperative.

265

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Accusative, Feminine, Plural form?

καλάς

266

Change the phrase "αἱ ὁδοὶ αὐταί" from nominative to accusative (or opposite) then translate.

τὰς ὁδοὺς αὐτάς. "the roads themselves"

267

Translate the phrase "ὁ μικρὸς". What form is it?

the little (one). Substantive.

268

Identify the case of the prepostion in the phrase 'μετὰ τῶν τέκνων'. Translate.

Genitive. "with the children"

269

Which cases are called the oblique cases. Why?

The Genitive, Dative and Accusative. Because they take the preposition.

270

What is the gender, case and number of 'τήν'?

Accusative, Feminine, Singular

271

Identify the personal pronoun 'σέ'. Translate.

Second person Accusative singular, emphatic "you"

272

Translate the phrase "αὐτὰ τὰ ἔργα". Is it Attributive or Predicate?

The deeds themselves. Predicate position.

273

Translate the phrase "ὁ ἀπόστολος ὅσιος". What form is it?

the apostle is holy. Predicate.

274

What case/s does the prepostion 'ἐπὶ' appear before? How should it be translated?

The Genitive case. "Upon". The Accusative case. "against". And the Dative case. "near".

275

Identify the personal pronoun 'αὐτό'. Translate.

Third person Neuter Accusative singular "it"

276

How is the Dipthong 'ΕΙ' sounded?

ei as in Veil (or Hey)

277

What is the gender, case and number of 'ἡ'?

Nominative, Feminine, Singular

278

What is the gender, case and number of 'αἱ'?

Nominative, Feminine, Plural

279

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Genitive, Feminine, Singular form?

καλῆς

280

Identify the verb "γίνονται" and translate.

Present Indicative Active 3rd person plural. "they become"

281

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Dative, Feminine, Plural form?

καλαῖς

282

What is the Indicative mood?

The indicative is a straight statement that something is happening.

283

Identify the verb "εἶ" and translate.

present tense 2nd person singular. You are

284

What is an article?

A word joined to a noun to qualify its meaning. E.g. a/an, the. Etc. (Greek doesn't have an indefinite article)

285

Using the root 'ἄνθρωπον'. What is the second declension, masculine plural noun of the Dative

τοῖς ἀνθρώποις

286

What is the gender, case and number of 'τάς'?

Accusative, Feminine, Plural

287

Using the root "καλ-" what is the Nominative, Feminine, Singular form?

καλή

288

Using the root "λυω". What are the 3 different verb forms. (i.e. Active, Middle and Passive). Translate them.

Active = λύω "I untie". Middle = λύομαι "I untie myself". Passive = λύομαι "I am united (by somebody else)"

289

Translate the phrase "ὁ ἀγαθὸς". What form is it?

The good (man). Substantive.