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Flashcards in Gross Anatomy Deck (181):
1

Structure directly posterior to the thymus

Left brachiocephalic vein

2

Pancoast tumor in the left with decreased radial pulse

Left subclavian Artery

3

Closes patent ductus arteriosus

Increase in oxygen tension

4

Acute IM of IV septum.
What is the occluded vessel?

Left Anterior Descending Artery

5

Male factors of gonad development

TDF
testosterone
MIF

6

Local of implantation of tubal ectopic pregnancy

Ampulla

7

Syncytiotrophobalst has mitotic activity?

NO!!

8

Layers of epiderm

Basal
Spinosum
Granulosum
Lucidum
Corneum

9

Anti desmossomal
Painful blisters
Oropharynx
Hyperpigmentation

Pemphigus vulgaris

10

Anti hemidesmossomal
Widespread blisters
Pruritus
No mucosa

Pemphigus bullous

11

Treatment of pemphigus

Corticosteroids

12

Kartagener syndrome

Absence of dynein
Imotile cilia

13

Gastroschisis

Failure of lateral body folds
Exit body wall in the amniotic cavity

14

Inhibits microtubule assembly

Colchicine

15

Location of lumbar puncture

L4 L5

16

Supra ventricular sentinel nodes

Metastasis below the diaphragm

17

Thoracocentesis

Midaxilary line between 9th and 10th rib

18

Last layer pierced by needle

Parietal pleura

19

Main bronchus of aspiration of foreign body

Right

20

Murmur of patent ductus arteriosus

Machine-like murmur

21

Primitive layer of gut tube

Endoderm

22

Boundries of hellselbach triangle

Lateral: inferior epigastric vein
Medial: rectus abdominalis muscle
Inferior: inguinal ligament

23

Boundries of femoral triangle

Inguinal canal
Adductor longus
Femoral vein

24

Arterial supply of foregut

Celiac artery

25

Arterial supply mindgut

Superior mesenteric

26

Arterial supply of hindgut

Inferior mesenteric

27

Referred pain of foregut

Epigastrium

28

Referred pain of midgut

Umbilical

29

Referred pain of hindgut

Hypogastrium

30

Layer origin of the spleen

Mesoderm

31

Arterial supply of duodenum

Celiac + superior mesenteric

32

Arterial supply of the spleen

Celiac artery

33

Arterial supply of transverse colon

Superior + inferior mesenteric

34

Arterial supply of jejunum

Superior mesenteric

35

Arterial supply of the liver

Celiac artery

36

Parasympathetic innervation of the gallbladder

Vagis nerve

37

Contents of hepatoduodenal ligament

Common bile duct
Proper hepatic artery
Hepatic portal vein

38

Ulcer in posterior abdomen wall where the stomach content will go first

Omental bursa

39

Faulty ventral bud rotation of the pancreas

Annular pancreas

40

Annular pancreas OB complication

Polyhydramnio

41

Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis presentation

Projectile, non bilious vomiting
“Olive” at the right costal margin

42

Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis OB complication

Polyhydramnios

43

Duodenal atresia OB complication

Polyhydramnios

44

Presentation of infant with duodenal atresia

Bile-containing vomitus
Distended stomach

45

Name of the sign when there is annular pancreas + duodenal atresia

Double bubble sign

46

Which syndrome is most common to see duodenal atresia?

Down’s syndrome

47

Omphalocele herniates through ________ of the umbilical ring
Gastroschisis herniates through ______ of the umbilical ring

Directly; right

48

What protein elevates in omphalocele and gastroschisis

Alfa feto protein

49

Location of Meckel Diverticulum

2 feet from the ileocecal junction

50

Hirschsprung’s disease

Colonic Aganglionosis

51

Where in the gut tube Colonic aganglionosis affects

Hindgut

52

Colonic Aganglionosis presentation

Loss of peristalsis
Immobility of hindgut
Fecal retention
Megacolon

53

Tetralogy of Fallot presentation

Pulmonary stenosis
Membranous IV septal defect
Right ventricular hypertrophy
Overriding aorta

54

High blood pressure in head/neck and upper limbs with low blood pressure in lower limbs (low pulse)

Coarctation of the aorta

55

Tricuspid stenosis

Diastolic murmur

56

Tricuspid insufficiency

Systolic murmur

57

Mitral stenosis

Diastolic murmur

58

Mitral insufficiency

Systolic murmur

59

Pulmonary stenosis

Systolic murmur

60

Aortic stenosis

Systolic murmur

61

Pulmonary insufficiency

Diastolic murmur

62

Aortic insufficiency

Diastolic murmur

63

Layer of IV septum

Neural crest cells

64

Late cyanosis heart defect

Ventricular septal defect

65

Cyanotic congenital heart defects (3)

Tetralogy of fallot
Transposition of great vessels
Tricuspid atresia

66

Transposition of great vessels

Aorta arises from right ventricle
Pulmonary trunk arises from left ventricle
Other heart defects

67

Maternal pathology associated with transposition of great vessels

Diabetic (type 1)

68

Left coronary artery branches

Anterior descending interventricular
Circumflex artery

69

Diaphragm hiatus (and places)

Inferior vena cava (T8)
Esophagus (T10)
Aorta (T12)

I 8 10 eggs at 12

70

Layer of gut tube

Endoderm

71

Regulates peristalsis

Auerbach’s plexus

72

Celiac trunk branches

Left gastric artery
Splenic artery
Common hepatic artery

73

Blood supply greater curvature of stomach

Right and left gastroepiploic

74

Gastroduodenal artery is branch of where?

Common hepatic artery

75

Gastroepiploic artery perforation, where will the blood goes?

Greater omentum

76

Blood supply lesser curvature of stomach

Left gastric artery

77

Blood supply of fundus of stomach

Gastric arteries (splenic artery branches)

78

Posterior duodenal wall ulcer affects which artery?

Gastroduodenal

79

Blood supply of appendix

Ileocolic artery

80

Blood supply ascending colon

Right colic artery

81

Proximal 2/3 transverse blood supply

Middle colic artery

82

Distal 1/3 transverse colon blood supply

Left colic artery

83

Sudden blood pressure drop will cause bowel ischemia where

Splenic flexure

84

Portocaval anastomosis

Wall of esophagus
Wall of anal canal
Capital Medusa

85

Layer of kidney and ureter

Mesoderm

86

What induces the definitive kidney ?

Mesonephric duct (ureterite bud)

87

Layer of bladder and urethra

Endoderm

88

Potter’s sequence

Clubbed feet
Pulmonary hypoplasia
Craniofacial anormalities

89

Patent urachus clinical

Urine drainage in the umbilicus

90

3 sites of ureteral blockage

Renal pelvis joins ureter
Ureter crosses the pelvic inlet
Ureter enters the wall of the urinary bladder

91

Gene of ovary induction

Wnt4

92

Garthner cyst

Mesonephric duct degenerates

93

Cause of female ambiguous genitalia

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

94

Cause of male ambiguous genitalia

5 alfa reductase 2 deficiency

95

Innervation of serratus anterior

Long thoracic nerve

96

Nerve and muscle responsible of thumb opposition

Median nerve and thenar compartiment

97

Flex metacarpalphalangeal joint muscle

Lumbricals

98

Lumbricals of digits 2 and 3

Median nerve

99

Extend interphalangeal muscles

Median nerve

100

Split fingers

Ulnar

101

Lumbricals digit 4 and 5

Ulnar nerve

102

Hypothenar compartiment

Ulnar nerve

103

Abduction of the arm after 15o

Deltoid

104

Innervation of deltoid

Axilary

105

Abduction of the arm 0-15o

Supraspinatus

106

Teres minor innervation

Axilary

107

Wrist pronation

Median

108

Thumb extension

Radial nerve

109

Extension of MP joint

Radial nerve

110

Rotator cuff muscles

Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
Teres minor
Subscapularis

111

Innervation latissimus dorso

Thoracodorsal

112

Sensory lateral forearm

Musculocutaneous

113

Sensory medial forearm

Ulnar

114

Supination of arm

Musculocutaneous

115

Upper trunk lesion

Erb Duchenne Palsy

116

Lower trunk lesion

Klumpke’s palsy

117

Ape hand

Median nerve lesion
Can’t oppose thumb

118

Mid shaft humerus fracture

Radial nerve

119

Saturday night palsy

Radial nerve at axilla

120

Supracondylar fracture of humerus

Median nerve

121

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Median

122

Fracture of hook of hamate

Ulnar nerve

123

Fracture of surgical neck of humerus

Axillary

124

Winged scapula

Long thoracic nerve

125

May be injuried by mastectomy

Long thoracic nerve

126

Artery affected in supracondylar fracture

Brachial artery

127

Artery injuried in surgical neck of humerus fracture

Posterior humeral circumflex artery

128

Mid shaft of humerus artery affected

Deep brachii artery

129

Most fracture wrist bone

Scaphoid

130

Most dislocated wrist bone

Lunates

131

Extend knee
Flex hip

Femoral nerve

132

Adduct thight

Obturator

133

Flex knee
Extend thigh

Tibial nerve

134

Plantar flexion

Tibial

135

Inversion of foot

Tibial

136

Dorsiflexion

Deep fibular

137

Eversion of foot

Superficial fibular

138

Abduct hip

Superior gluteal

139

Extension of hip

Inferior gluteal

140

Tremdelenburg gait

Superior gluteal

141

Sensory loss medial thigh

Obturator

142

Sensory loss anterior thigh, medial leg and foot

Femoral

143

Not able to be on tip of the toe

Tibial

144

Foot drop

Deep fibular

145

Altered sensation of dorsum of the foot

Common fibular nerve

146

Artery lesioned by neck of the femur fracture

Medial circumflex femoral

147

Anterior drawer sign

Lesion anterior cruciate

148

Posterior drawer sign

Posterior cruciate

149

Cause of thoracic outlet syndrome

Pancoast tumor

150

Thoracic outlet syndrome compress

Brachial plexus and subclavian artery

151

Thoracic outlet syndrome clinical

Horner’s syndrome
Hoarseness

152

Epidural hematoma main branch affected

Middle meningeal artery

153

Horner’s syndrome

Myosis
Ptosis
Anhidrosis

154

Pharyngeal pouches layer

Endoderm

155

Pharyngeal pouche 1 nerve

V

156

Pharyngeal pouche 2 nerve

VII

157

Pharyngeal pouch 3 nerve

IX

158

Pharyngeal pouch 4 nerve

X

159

Pharyngeal pouch 5 nerve

X

160

Remanescentes of pharyngeal clefts

External auditory meatus

161

What structure is formed at lateral board of pharyngeal pouch 1 and medial board of cleft 1?

Tympanic membrane

162

DiGeorge sequence cause

Failure of Pharyngeal pouches 3 and 4

163

DiGeorge Sequence

CATCH 22
Cardiac abnormality
Abnormal faces
Thymic aplasia
Cleft palate
Hypocalcemia
Hypoparathyroidism

164

Chromosome mutation of DiGeorge sequence

22

165

What are the two first arch syndrome?

Treacher Collins
Robin sequence

166

Treacher Collins

Mandibular hypoplasia
Zygomatic hypoplasia
Down-slanted pálpebras fissures
Colobomas
Malformated ears

167

Robin sequence

Poor mandibular growth
Cleft palate
Posterior tonge

168

Epidural hematoma clinic

Momentary loss of conscious
Lucid period
Mass effect

169

Subdural hematoma image

Crescent shape

170

Who produces MIF

Sertoli cells

171

Gastroesplenic ligament

Connects greater curvature to spleen
Short gastric arteries
Left gastroepiploic vessels

172

Left renal vein is _____ the right (longer/shorter)

Longer

173

Causes klumpke’s palsy

Excessive abduction of the arm

174

Superior trunk brachial plexus

C5-C6

175

Middle trunk brachial plexus

C6-C7

176

Inferior trunk brachial plexus

C8-T1

177

Roots of long thoracic nerve

C5-C7

178

Movement of serratus anterior

Abduct arm beyond 90 degrees

179

Anal canal below pectinate line and scrotum lymph drainage

Superficial inguinal lymphonodes

180

Lymph drainage to testes and ovaries

Deep para-aortic plexus

181

Wrist extension

Radial nerve