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Flashcards in guess what? UNIT 4(?) test Deck (42)
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1

what is an equivalence point?

when the H+ ions = OH- ions

2

is the equivalance point always at pH = 7?

nope

3

what equation do you use for titration stoich?

STEP 1. CONVERT VOLUME TO L
Cknown --xVknown-->nknown--mole ratio-->nunknown--/Vunknown-->Cunknown (but now it is known. funny how that works.)

4

how to find pH on calculator. actually, these will probs be given, dont zero in on this.

pH = - log^[h+]

5

how to find h+ ions on calc?

10^[-pH]

6

how is strength measured through the pH scale? ie from 1 to 2 compared to 1 to 3

every number is 10X stronger than the one before it. H+ ions in something pH 1 = 0.1.
H+ has the same amount of 0 as there are numbers in the pH scale. like 3 has 3 zeros, 0.001. its pretty nifty.

7

how do you do solution stoich?

1. convert volume to liters. (this step is very important)
2. divide mass by known concentration
3. can we get a 'What! what!' for a MOLE RATIO
4. c=n/v

8

what do chemists do in plays?

they actinium

9

what is solubility?

the amount of solute that will dissolve in a given amount of solute at a given temperature.

10

when a solute dissolves in a solvent, what is true abt their attractions?

the solute attractions are less than that of the solvent.

11

how does taste change from acid to base

acids are sour bases are bitter

12

how does feel change from acid to base

acids have no characteristic feel, bases are slippery

13

how does the colour of phenothalein change from acid to base

acids are colourless, bases are magenta

14

how does conductivity change from acid to base

it doesnt change, both are conductive

15

how does metal reactivity change from acids to bases?

it doesnt change, both react with metal.

16

ni=nf, therefore...

CiVi=CfVf

17

true or fasle: bases are proton donors

whoopsie its false ur thinking about acids u dummy. bases are proton receptors.

18

hydrogen bonding

its FON! hydrogen bonds form when hydrogen bonds to flourine, oxygen, and nitrogen... also makes dissolving harder, not fon.

19

solubility in covalent compounds

polar molecules dissolve in polar solvents and vice versa.

20

solubility in ionic compounds

for an ionic substance to dissolve, water must have stronger attractions to ions than htey have to themselves.

21

what are factors that affect solubility?

- size, smaller molecles dissolve easier
- temp, higher temp makes more energy to help break attractions
- pressure, increaseing pressure in gas solutes increases solubility because gas is forced into solution

22

what is concentration?
what is a part per million?

amount of stuff / unit of space
the same as 1 mg in 1 L

23

basic formula for concentratiomn

1) % to g
2) grams divided by 100 and sometimes multiplied by volume
3) answer?
were going to have to just wing it. jk do the practice questions.

24

where do german chemists wash their dishes?

in de zinc

25

what is a homogenous mixture

a mix that is uniform throughout.

26

what is a solvent

any substance with others dissolved within it

27

what os a solute?

often the smaller concentration of the dissolved thing, the thing that is added.

28

what is the diff between a pure substance and a solution?

pure substances have fixed composition, whereas solutions have variable compositions

29

what does miscible mean

able to form a homogeneous compound

30

what is solublity

the ability to dissolve and share electrons

31

what does it mean when something is saturated?

it is unable to dissolve any more, it is at its maximum concentration.

32

what are spectator ions

the ions that do not combine in a DD reaction

33

what are the strong acids

all halogens except for flurine (Cl, Br, I), HNO3, H2SO4, HClO3, HClO4.

34

what is true about strong acids?

it completely dissociates in water to form H3O+

35

what are the strong bases?

NaOH, KOH, LiOH, Ca(OH)2, Ba(OH)2, Mg(OH)2 (alkaline and alkaline earth metals)

36

what is true about strong bases

creates OH-, dissociates into ions in water. Treat as arrhenius bases

37

what is true about weak bases?

treat hem as b-l bases (proton acceptors), do not fully react.

38

what do cops call goofy convicts in the forensics lab?

silicon

39

how are axcids and bases able to conduct electricity?

they form ions tat carry charge

40

what does arrhenius state?

acids and bases dissociate in water to form hydrogen and hydroxide ions

41

true of false bases will always contain an oh- ion

false, they do not always comtain oh- ions, but acids always have h+ ions

42

what is the b-l theory?

acids are treated as proton donors, requires bases for acids and acids for bases and so on.