Where is Haiti located?
Located in the Caribbean and forms the western part of the island of Hispaniola, with the Dominican Republic on the eastern side
Where did the earthquake occur and what magnitude was it?
Occurred on the 12th January 2010 and was 7.0 on the Richter scale
What caused the earthquake?
Caused by the movement of the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault system which has been building up pressure for over 250 years. The release of pressure at the focus caused a land movement of 1.8m
What were the environmental impacts of this earthquake?
- 60% of the capital Port-au-Prince was destroyed
- 70% of buildings across Haiti had been destroyed
- Soil liquified into properties of water due to Love waves and Rayleigh waves
What were the economic impacts of this earthquake?
- 1.5 million people homeless so cost a lot of money setting up shelters for everyone
- The cost of damage and losses was at least $8 billion
- Port was destroyed so no way for ships to transport goods to or from Haiti which resulted in a loss of income and lack of aid
What were the social impacts of this earthquake?
- 230,000 deaths
- 6,900 deaths as a result of the outbreak of cholera
- 1.5 million homeless
- 4,000 amputees
- Lack of food and drink
- Roads and electricity were severely damaged
What were the political impacts of this earthquake?
- Society angry at government for allowing prisoners to escape during earthquake
- Presidential Palace was destroyed by the earthquake
- President faced a loss of power as he was out of his depth in dealing with earthquake
What were the short term responses of this earthquake?
- Buildings that had not collapsed were assessed to see whether they were safe and usable 21% red, 26% yellow and 54% green
- UV sent people over to Haiti to provide aid, food, water and shelter to the people who needed it most
- World Bank funded food for 200,000 children aged 6-23 as well as funding schools once repairs had been completed for 140,000 children
What were the long term responses of this earthquake?
- World Bank cancelled half of Haiti’s debt and gave the country 5 years until 2015 before they had to start making repayments
- Relief appeal had raised over $1 billion as of a year after the disaster
- 95% of Haiti’s children who were in the earthquake zone were back in school in 2011