Iceland 2010 - Volcanic Eruption Flashcards Preview

Physical Geography Case Studies > Iceland 2010 - Volcanic Eruption > Flashcards

Flashcards in Iceland 2010 - Volcanic Eruption Deck (9)
Loading flashcards...

What is the volcano called?
What you of volcano is it?
Where is it located?


The volcano is called Eyjafjallajökull and it is a shield volcano. The volcano is located on the island of Iceland at two constructive plate boundaries which are the North American and Eurasian plates.


How did the volcano start to show signs of an eruption?


Started to show signs of a volcanic eruption when magma poured from underneath the crust into the magma chamber of the volcano which created much seismic activity including almost 3,000 small earthquakes between 3-5 March 2010


What caused the main eruption?


On the 20th March 2010, the eruption was caused by the meeting of one body of magma with another type of magma within the volcano


What were the environmental impacts of this volcanic eruption?

  • Oceans had a limited capacity for carbon uptake as so much volcanic ash had been deposited into them
    Which ocean?
  • Climatologists could rest easy in the knowledge that the gassed and ash expelled from the volcano during the eruption would not last long in the atmosphere
  • The belching volcano didn’t have a sizeable impact on the global climate

What were the economic impacts of this volcanic eruption?

  • Airlines lost on average £130 million per day due to being grounded because of the massive ash cloud from the eruption
  • Europe’s biggest tourism companies were losing between £5-6 million per day
  • People has to look for alternative ways to travel so coach, train and ferry companies benefited massively during this time frame

What were the social impacts of this volcanic eruption?


— 800 people had to be evacuated

  • People living in close proximity to the volcano had to wear masks and Google’s as the ash was so thick
  • Ash caused health problems especially for people who had asthma
  • Many roads closed down around volcano which left people stranded and unable to get to places that they needed to get to or had to take the long way around
  • Ash contaminated water supplies and farmers warned of the deadly effect this would have on the cattle

What were the political impacts of this volcanic eruption?

  • Due to flight cancellations, lots of political events had to be delayed or postponed for many months

What were the short term responses of this volcanic eruption?

  • Around 800 people in the nearby area were evacuated after the eruption
  • The flood caused by the eruption threatened a highway, so a construction team dig holes in highway to change the direction of the water to reduce flooding
  • Roads were cut off to save bridges

What were the long term responses of this volcanic eruption?

  • More high-tech equipment is being used to monitor volcanoes so Iceland can predict and fully prepare for future eruptions
  • Warning system put in place to text people living nearby to a volcano of a possible eruption
  • Rivers were made deeper so they’re less likely to flood during future eruptions as well as water defences being improved