hazards of drug use and prescribing Flashcards Preview

BDS2 BAMS pharmacology > hazards of drug use and prescribing > Flashcards

Flashcards in hazards of drug use and prescribing Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...
1

what can go wrong with drug administration?

allergy
-mild
allergy
-severe-anaphylaxis
drug-drug interactions
acute toxic reactions

2

what are the 4 stages of anaphylaxis?

swelling of tissues
airway narrows
reduction in circulatory blood vol.
circulatory failure if not addressed

3

what drugs interact due to protein binding?

warfarin & aspiring/NSAIDS

4

what drugs interact due to metabolism?

warfarin, simvastatin
erythromycin
fluconazole
carbamazepine

5

what happens in acute toxic reactions?

unexpected and potentially life threatening
bone marrow suppression
hepatotoxicity & biliary stasis
acute nephrotoxicity

6

what are the 3 main prescribing errors?

the decision to prescribe
-would dif tx be better
prescribing the wrong drug
-adverse drug reaction
-ineffective/less effective
incorrectly completing the rx

7

what should be on a rx?

px name, address, age (<18)
DOB, CHI number
number days tx
drug to be prescribed
drug formulation & dosage
instruction of quality to be dispensed
instructions to give tp px
signed by presciber

8

how long is a rx valid for?

6 months

9

what are the requirements when writing a rx?

key px info must be legible
avoid abbreviations
full instructions in ink
legally dentist must sign

10

what is usually added to a private rx?

GDC number

11

what are the advantages of written instructions when instructing a px?

stressed px may not remember
language issues may prevent proper understanding
-multilingual, large print
contact number for px issues with medicine

12

what standard advice should be given to px?

take drugs at correct time and finish course
unexpected reactions: stop and contact prescriber
known side effects
keep medicines safe