Flashcards in Hazmat Ops Bulletins Deck (31):
What does Chemtrec stand for?
Chemical Transportation Emergency Center
What should be utilized before calling Chemtrec on a Hazmat incident?
Emergency Response Guide
What level gear is considered chemical protective gear?
chemical protective gear (level A or B)
Where should companies, besides 1st due Engine, stage for a WMD incident?
all other units dispatched on a WMD incident should initially stage at one location a minimum of 2 blocks upwind and uphill of the reported incident.
Where should companies stage on a WMD incident where explosive materials involved?
If explosive material is involved, units should stage a minimum of 1500 feet from the incident. Units should not stage in direct line of sight of the incident and should position their apparatus behind buildings or natural barriers and away from glass windows.
When will Air Purifying Respirators (APR's) be utilized on WMD incidents?
These APRs should only be utilized when specifically authorized by the Incident Commander.
What are the symptoms for Nerve agents?
Dimness of vision
Tightness of chest
Twitching or paralysis
Loss of consciousness
What are the symptoms for Blister Agents?
Reddening of skin
Eye pain and reddening
What are the symptoms for Blood agents?
Cherry red skin or lips
What are the symptoms for Choking agents?
Eye and airway irritation
Tightness of chest
Delayed pulmonary edema
What should happen before the victims of Nuclear/Radiological incidents are decontaminated?
A nasal swab should be taken from each victim prior to decontamination. This nasal swap should be bagged and tagged with the victim’s name so that later medical analysis can determine the potential level of respiratory exposure the victim may have been subjected to.
Technical Decontamination is a primary method for who?
decontaminate Fire and EMS personnel who have made entry to the hot zone or who have otherwise become contaminated.
Where should the 1st due Engine Co. stage during a WMD incident?
shall cautiously approach the incident scene from upwind/uphill and shall stop a minimum of 500 feet from the incident site or where casualties or damage are first encountered and shall begin serving as a reconnaissance company.
What are (3) types of explosives?
Pyrotechnics, Low Odor Explosives, High Odor Explosives
What is the detonation speed of low odor explosives?
less then 3000 ft/sec.
What are some examples of low odor explosives?
black powder, smokeless powder, rocket fuel.
What are the (3) types of high odor explosives?
Primary, secondary and Teritary
What is Blast pressure?
is excessive pressure caused by a detonated explosive device
What are the (5) forms of stimuli or insults that initiates explosions?
heat, friction, impact, electrostatic discharge and shock
What are soft targets?
Soft targets are areas with little or no security and have the possibility of resulting in extensive casualties
What are the (2) advantages of a tanker truck IED?
High capacity and concealment
What are the (3) types of attack containers for suicide bombers
Type I: Package: IED in a container (backpack, briefcase).
Type II: Belt: Worn under or as part of clothing.
Type III: Vehicle: Concealed in a vehicle and driven to target.
What is Type 1 blast injuries?
Blast Pressure Injuries
What is Type 2 blast injuries?
Flying Debris Injuries
Where will all units, excepts for the 1st due Engine Co., stage on a bombing incidents?
Units shall stage at one location, a minimum of 1500 feet from the incident.
What are the basic principles of ALARA?
Maximize Time, Distance and Shielding
How should members approach a Radiological Incident?
Approach the incident uphill, upwind. Begin approach 300 feet from the incident or at the edge of debris field
What does dosimeters record?
The total exposure to external Gamma radiation
What percent of natural gas will cause for the building to be evacuated?
Any readings found above 10% of the LEL will cause for building evacuation
Where shall the 1st due engine and truck companies stop on a gas leak emergencies?
they shall respond to side A-Alpha of the building, stopping a minimum of 200ft prior to the building