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Flashcards in Hazmat Ops Bulletins Deck (31):
1

What does Chemtrec stand for?

Chemical Transportation Emergency Center

2

What should be utilized before calling Chemtrec on a Hazmat incident?

Emergency Response Guide

3

What level gear is considered chemical protective gear?

chemical protective gear (level A or B)

4

Where should companies, besides 1st due Engine, stage for a WMD incident?

all other units dispatched on a WMD incident should initially stage at one location a minimum of 2 blocks upwind and uphill of the reported incident.

5

Where should companies stage on a WMD incident where explosive materials involved?

If explosive material is involved, units should stage a minimum of 1500 feet from the incident. Units should not stage in direct line of sight of the incident and should position their apparatus behind buildings or natural barriers and away from glass windows.

6

When will Air Purifying Respirators (APR's) be utilized on WMD incidents?

These APRs should only be utilized when specifically authorized by the Incident Commander.

7

What are the symptoms for Nerve agents?

Pinpoint pupils
Dimness of vision
Runny nose/salivation
Tightness of chest
Difficulty breathing
Twitching or paralysis
Vomiting
Loss of consciousness
Urination/defecation
Death

8

What are the symptoms for Blister Agents?

Reddening of skin
Blisters
Eye pain and reddening
Coughing
Airway irritation

9

What are the symptoms for Blood agents?

Cherry red skin or lips
Rapid breathing
Dizziness
Nausea, vomiting
Headache
Convulsion
Death

10

What are the symptoms for Choking agents?

Eye and airway irritation
Dizziness
Tightness of chest
Delayed pulmonary edema

11

What should happen before the victims of Nuclear/Radiological incidents are decontaminated?

A nasal swab should be taken from each victim prior to decontamination. This nasal swap should be bagged and tagged with the victim’s name so that later medical analysis can determine the potential level of respiratory exposure the victim may have been subjected to.

12

Technical Decontamination is a primary method for who?

decontaminate Fire and EMS personnel who have made entry to the hot zone or who have otherwise become contaminated.

13

Where should the 1st due Engine Co. stage during a WMD incident?

shall cautiously approach the incident scene from upwind/uphill and shall stop a minimum of 500 feet from the incident site or where casualties or damage are first encountered and shall begin serving as a reconnaissance company.

14

What are (3) types of explosives?

Pyrotechnics, Low Odor Explosives, High Odor Explosives

15

What is the detonation speed of low odor explosives?

less then 3000 ft/sec.

16

What are some examples of low odor explosives?

black powder, smokeless powder, rocket fuel.

17

What are the (3) types of high odor explosives?

Primary, secondary and Teritary

18

What is Blast pressure?

is excessive pressure caused by a detonated explosive device

19

What are the (5) forms of stimuli or insults that initiates explosions?

heat, friction, impact, electrostatic discharge and shock

20

What are soft targets?

Soft targets are areas with little or no security and have the possibility of resulting in extensive casualties

21

What are the (2) advantages of a tanker truck IED?

High capacity and concealment

22

What are the (3) types of attack containers for suicide bombers

Type I: Package: IED in a container (backpack, briefcase).
Type II: Belt: Worn under or as part of clothing.
Type III: Vehicle: Concealed in a vehicle and driven to target.

23

What is Type 1 blast injuries?

Blast Pressure Injuries

24

What is Type 2 blast injuries?

Flying Debris Injuries

25

Where will all units, excepts for the 1st due Engine Co., stage on a bombing incidents?

Units shall stage at one location, a minimum of 1500 feet from the incident.

26

What are the basic principles of ALARA?

Maximize Time, Distance and Shielding

27

How should members approach a Radiological Incident?

Approach the incident uphill, upwind. Begin approach 300 feet from the incident or at the edge of debris field

28

What does dosimeters record?

The total exposure to external Gamma radiation

29

What percent of natural gas will cause for the building to be evacuated?

Any readings found above 10% of the LEL will cause for building evacuation

30

Where shall the 1st due engine and truck companies stop on a gas leak emergencies?

they shall respond to side A-Alpha of the building, stopping a minimum of 200ft prior to the building

31

Where will the 3rd due engine company serve as on a gas leak?

Stage two blocks away in line of approach. Will serve as the Rapid Intervention Company unless otherwise ordered by the IC