HB-cognitive and moral development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in HB-cognitive and moral development Deck (38)
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1

Ages 0-2 is what stage of Piaget?

sensorimotor

2

Ages 2-7 is what stage of piaget?

preoperational

3

What are characteristics of the sensorimotor (0-2) piaget stage?

rudimental thought, object permanence

4

Age 0-2 is what stage of kohlberg?
What are the characteristics of this stage?

preconventional morality (stage 1 and stage 2)
punishment avoidant
obey rules for personal gain

5

Do children lack intelligence?

no they lack the ability to think the way an adult does

6

Age 2-7 is what stage of kohlberg?
What are the characteristics of this stage?

Conventional Morality
Stage 3
Stage 4
Good Boy / Good Girl – Obey rules for approval
Obey rules to maintain social order

7

Age 7-12 is what stage of Piaget
What are the characteristics of this stage?

Concrete operational
Concepts attached to concrete situations. Time, space, and quality are understood and can be applied, but not applied as independent concepts

8

Age 12+ is what stage of Piaget
What are the characteristics of this stage?

Formal Operational
Theoretical, hypothetical and counter factual thinking. Abstract logic and reasoning.

9

Age 12+ is what stage of Kohlberg
What are the characteristics of this stage?

Post Conventional Morality
Stage 5
Stage 6
Rules are obeyed if they are impartial, democratic rules are challenged if they infringe of the rights of others
The individual establishes his or her own rules in accordance with a personal set of ethical principals

10

What are these:
children have intelligence
discrete stages of development (qualitative differences)
progressive reorganization of mental processes as chldren grow

Piagets basic concepts

11

What are these:
The basic building blocks of intelligent behavior
a set of linked mental representations of the world, which we use both to understand and to respond to situations
Scripts

schema

12

What kind of schema do newborns have?

innate (sucking, grasping rooting)

13

What are the three things that are used to adapt to the world?

assimilate
accommodate
equilibrium

14

what is this:
Using existing schema to deal with new information

assimilation

15

What is this:
when the existing schema (knowledge) does not work, and needs to be changed to deal with a new object or situation.

accommodation

16

What is this:
When a child’s schema can deal with new information through assimilation. Force which drives development and leaning

equilibrium

17

(blank) occurs when information cannot fit into an existing schema through assimilation.

Disequilibrium

18

What is this:
Reflexes – repeat acts which get needs met
Egocentrism
Basic feelings – sad, happy
Magical Thinking
Object permanence achieved around 8 months

Piagets theory:
sensorimotor (birth-2 years)

19

What is this:
mentally represent events and objects (the semiotic function), and engage in symbolic play.  Their thoughts and communications are typically egocentric (i.e. about themselves).
Can only focus on one aspect of problem
Hasn’t mastered conservation
Magical Thinking

Piagets theory;
preoperational (2-7 years)

20

When does object permanence (recognition that if something isn't in their vision, it is still present in the world) get achieved?

8 months

21

What is this:
Beginning of logical thought
Mastery of conservation and classification
Seriation
Concrete problem solving

concrete operational (7-12)

22

What is this:
Capable of abstraction
Thought is flexible

Formal Operational (12 – adult)

23

(blank) believed Moral Development continued beyond childhood

kohlberg

24

(blank) are constantly moving forward unless the development is impeded by something

children

25

Once children move forward they cannot go back according to paiget T or F?

T

26

What are the three stages of moral development

Preconventional
conventional
postconventional

27

What are the 2 stages of preconventional morality (0-2 up to 9) ?

Stage 1 (obedience and punishment driven)
Stage 2 (self interest driven)

28

What stage does this belong to:
heteronomous – strict adherence to rules with an inability to see another’s perspective
Rules are obeyed to avoid punishment
Focused on direct consequences of actions

Stage 1 of preconventional morality
(obedience and punishment driven)

29

What stage does this belong to:
Follow rules for personal gain (reward)
Beginning to see another’s perspective
Trading for what they want
Does what they perceive as best

Stage 2 of preconventional morality
(self interest driven)

30

What is conventional morality?

satisfaction of own needs, desire to please others-intent "i didnt mean to"