Flashcards in Health and Well-being Deck (80)
what is the definition of health?
a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not simply the absence of disease or infirmity
what is physical health and well-being?
being well in the body and free from injury and illness
what is mental health and well-being?
feeling well in the mind, with a positive outlook and a a sense of your own value
what is social health and well-being?
a positive sense of involvement with family, friends and others in the community
what are some aspects of mental well-being?
- feeling good about yourself (high self-esteem)
- being able to cope with stress
- feeling motivated
- being able to control emotions
what are some aspects of social well-being?
- our friendship with others
- gaining support from and giving support to other people
- confidence to mix with people
- feeling valued within society
what are some aspects of physical well-being?
- having a health diet
- doing regular exercise and being physically fit
what are the benefits of working to improve your physical health?
- increases your cardiovascular endurance
- helps you lose weight if you are overweight
- develops body shape and positive body image
what are the benefits of working to improve your mental health?
- improves your approach to tasks and general confidence
- helps you to be active and to feel good about yourself
- stops you from feeling anxious or depressed
what are the benefits of working to improve you social well-being?
- encourages interaction with others, helps you have fun
- helps you make new friends, work to a common goal and gives a sense of belonging
- instils a positive attitude towards cooperating with others
what is the definition of fitness?
the ability to cope with (or meet) the demands of the environment
what are the aspects to maintaining fitness?
- living a health, active lifestyle
- eating a balanced diet
- avoiding habits that reduce fitness (such as smoking)
what are nutrients?
the substances in food that our bodies process in order to survive and grow
what are carbohydrates?
the sugars, starches and fibres found in fruits, grains, vegetables and milk products; the body's main source of energy
what are fats?
an essential part of our diet and a rich source of energy: 1 gram of fat contains 9 calories (compared with only 4 calories in a gram of protein or carbohydrates)
what are proteins?
the building blocks of life found in every cell of the human body; proteins are made up of a chain of smaller units called amino acids; they help your body repair cells and make new ones
what are common sources of carbohydrates?
fruits, breads and grains, starchy vegetables (potatoes), sugars, pasta, rice
what are common sources of fats?
red meats, butter, cooking oils, cheese, bacon
what are common sources of protein?
low-fat meat (chicken), dairy, beans, eggs, fish
what are common sources of water?
drinks, food with high water content (eg. watermelon or soup)
what is the function of carbohydrates?
- provides the body's main source of fuel
- needed for physical activity
- brain function
- operation of the organs
how much of our energy provision is carbohydrates?
up to 55% of our energy intake
what is the function of fats?
provides a very concentrated source of energy that you can store in your body for later use
how much of our energy provision is fats?
up to 30% of our energy intake
what is the function of proteins?
- help body cells grow
- repair cells and muscle tissue
how much of our energy provision is protein?
up to 15% of our energy intake
what is the function of water?
- transporting nutrients to cells
- assists in removing waste products from the body
- helps maintain body temperature
what is a balanced diet?
a diet consisting of a variety of different types of food and providing adequate amounts of the nutrients necessary for good health
what are the reasons for choosing a particular diet?
- health conditions (diabetes or allergy)
- a desire or need to lose or gain weight
- religion or culture
- a regime in sport