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Year 8 Ms Lee 2020 Flashcards > Health & Lifestyle > Flashcards

Flashcards in Health & Lifestyle Deck (29)
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1

What is the function of protein in the diet?

Proteins are nutrients found in food. Proteins allow us to grow and repair our bodies tissues (e.g. muscle).

2

What is the function of carbohydrate in the diet?

Carbohydrates are nutrients found in food. Carbohydrates give us energy.

3

What does the pancreas produce?

The pancreas is an organ that produces enzymes. These enzymes speed up the rate of digestion.

4

What is a drug?

A drug is a chemical that alters the way our brain & body functions.

5

Oesophagus

This is the tube where food travels down when it is swallowed. The food moves in ‘waves’ called peristalsis down the oesophagus.

6

Stomach

The stomach is an organ that contracts to churn food. It contains hydrochloric acid & enzymes that digests food faster.

7

Liver

The liver produces a green chemical called bile. Bile neutralises stomach acid and breaks down fats into smaller droplets.

8

How does a stimulant drug affect the body?

It speeds up the brain and nervous system.

9

Give an example of a depressant drug.

Alcohol

10

Give 2 short term effects of alcohol

- Slow reaction time – brain areas affected - Dizziness

11

Which organs are most affected by drinking alcohol?

Brain and liver

12

What is the maximum units of alcohol an adult male or female should not exceed per week.

14 units

13

Name 2 long term effects of alcohol

- Alcohol dependence (addiction) - Cirrhosis of the liver - Depression

14

Name 3 harmful chemicals in cigarette smoke

- Nicotine - Tar - Carbon monoxide

15

What type of drug is nicotine? How does it affect the body?

Nicotine is a stimulant drug. It speeds up your heart rate.

16

How does carbon monoxide affect your body?

It binds to red blood cells and reduces the number of oxygen molecules they can carry.

17

Which chemical in cigarette smoke is carcinogenic (can cause cancer)

Tar

18

What is the function of the small intestine?

This is where the food nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream.

19

Where does mechanical digestion take place

In the mouth with the teeth and tongue

20

What are enzymes?

They are biological catalysts made by the pancreas that SPEED up the rate of digestion.

21

What type of energy is stored in food?

Chemical energy

22

What is the function of the liver?

The liver produces BILE which neutralises stomach acid and breaks down fats.

23

Where does undigested food leave the body?

Through the anus.

24

Look at the diagram. What part of the digestive system is labelled as A?

Oesophagus

25

Look at the diagram. What part of the digestive system is labelled as C?

Liver

26

Look at the diagram. What part of the digestive system is labelled as D?

Large intestine

27

Look at the diagram. What part of the digestive system is labelled as F?

Small intestine

28

Look at the diagram. What part of the digestive system is labelled as E?

Pancreas

29

Look at the diagram. What part of the digestive system is labelled as B?

Stomach