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ESA 3 - Recap > Health Psych > Flashcards

Flashcards in Health Psych Deck (8)
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Name the 3 social cognition models

  1. Cognitive dissonance
  2. Theory of planned behaviour
  3. Health belief model


Name 5 factors that influence adherence outside of the health belief model

  1. Side effects of treatment
  2. Understanding of illness and consultation
  3. Dotor patient relationship
  4. Social support
  5. Illness factors - symptoms and health


Give examples of the following strategies to deal with stress:

  1. Cognitive
  2. Behavioural
  3. Emotional
  4. Physical
  5. Non cognitive

  1. Cognitive restructuring, hypothesis testing
  2. Skills training e.g. time management
  3. Counselling, social support
  4. Relaxation training, exercise
  5. Drugs


Outline the gate theory of pain and its limitation

Neural gates for pain messages located in dorsal horn of spinal cord. Extent to which the gate is open affects the number of pain messages that pass onto the brain.


Limitations - No actual structures found, 


What behavioural techniques are employed for CBT?

  • Graded exposure to fear
  • Role play and modelling
  • Reinforcement and reward
  • Activity scheduling


What cognitive techniques are employed in CBT?

  • Education
  • Challenging negative thoughts
  • Monitoring of thoughts and feelings
  • Cognitive rehearsal of coping with difficult situations


What are the 4 stages in Piagets model of development? Give a brief explanation of each stage

  1. Sensorimotor - Development of body schema and sensory and motor functions
  2. Preoperational - Language development, egocentric, symbolic thought and ability to imagine things
  3. Concrete operational - Thinks logically, conservation of number mass and weight.
  4. Formal operational - Abstract logic. hypothetic deductive reasoning


What is the SPIKES model used for? Describe each step

Breaking bad news

S - Setting and listening skills (breaking news face to face)

P - Patient's perception (what does patient know already?)

I - Invitation from patient (how much patient wants to know)

K - Knowledge (use clear language)

E - Empathy

S - Strategy and Summary (be optimistic but not reassuring)