Flashcards in Health Test 1. Deck (59)
Carbohydrates, Fats, Protein
Function of carbs
Provides energy for cells
Functions of fats
amount of energy, protects organs and provides insulation.
Functions of protein
Provides amino acids for tissue repair and maintenance.
Vitamins, Minerals and Water
Functions of vitamins
Organic substances needed by all cellls in small amounts to perform specific metabolic functions.
Function of minerals
Metallic elements vital for proper cell function.
Function of water
Necessary for life and all cell functions.
3 nutrients that must be broken down before absorbed.
Macro nutrients: Carbohydrates, Fats and Protein.
In the metabolic process carbohydrates break down into?
In the metabolic process fats break down into?
Fatty acids and glycerol
In the metabolic process protein breaks down into?
Nutrient the body cannot do without?
How many calories per gram in each macro nutrient?
Carbohydrates and Protein = 4 calories per gram
Fats= 9 calories per gram
Two types of vitamins
Water soluble - not stored
Fat soluble - stored
What percent of the body is water
Formula for how much water should be consumed daily?
1/2 ounce per pound of body weight; or half your weight in ounces.
Glucose is stored in the body in what form?
Body's first fuel of choice.
Body's second fuel of choice.
Body's third fuel of choice.
Where digestion begins.
Substances promoting or initiating chemical reactions in the body. (Catalyst= speeds up reactions)
Synonymous name for gastrointestinal tract?
Alimentary canal - the muscular tube food travels through in the body.
Organs outside the alimentary canal performing a function in digestion; kidneys, liver, pancreas and gall bladder.
Wavelike circular muscle contractions occuring throughout the Alimentary canal.
Round ball of food leaving the mouth.
Folds or creases in the stomach lining.
Located in the stomach; producing hydrochloric acid.