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1

Macro nutrients

Carbohydrates, Fats, Protein
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2

Function of carbs

Provides energy for cells
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3

Functions of fats

amount of energy, protects organs and provides insulation.
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4

Functions of protein

Provides amino acids for tissue repair and maintenance.
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5

Micro nutrients

Vitamins, Minerals and Water
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6

Functions of vitamins

Organic substances needed by all cellls in small amounts to perform specific metabolic functions.
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Function of minerals

Metallic elements vital for proper cell function.
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8

Function of water

Necessary for life and all cell functions.
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9

3 nutrients that must be broken down before absorbed.

Macro nutrients: Carbohydrates, Fats and Protein.
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In the metabolic process carbohydrates break down into?
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Glucose

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In the metabolic process fats break down into?
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Fatty acids and glycerol

12

In the metabolic process protein breaks down into?

Amino acids

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Nutrient the body cannot do without?

Water
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14

How many calories per gram in each macro nutrient?

Carbohydrates and Protein = 4 calories per gram
Fats= 9 calories per gram
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15

Two types of vitamins

Water soluble - not stored
Fat soluble - stored
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16

What percent of the body is water

60%-70%

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Formula for how much water should be consumed daily?

1/2 ounce per pound of body weight; or half your weight in ounces.
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18

Glucose is stored in the body in what form?

Glycogen

19

Body's first fuel of choice.
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Carbohydrates

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Body's second fuel of choice.
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Fats

21

Body's third fuel of choice.
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Protein

22

Where digestion begins.
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The mouth

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Enzymes

Substances promoting or initiating chemical reactions in the body. (Catalyst= speeds up reactions)
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24

Synonymous name for gastrointestinal tract?

Alimentary canal - the muscular tube food travels through in the body.
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25

Accessory organs

Organs outside the alimentary canal performing a function in digestion; kidneys, liver, pancreas and gall bladder.
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26

Peristalsis

Wavelike circular muscle contractions occuring throughout the Alimentary canal.
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27

Bolus

Round ball of food leaving the mouth.
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Rugae

Folds or creases in the stomach lining.
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29

Gastric pits

Located in the stomach; producing hydrochloric acid.
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30

Chyme

Creamy mass of food created in the stomach; the end product of digestion in the stomach.
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