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Flashcards in Muscles Deck (48)
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1

How many muscles in the body

600+

2

Functions of the muscular system

Movement of bones Pumping of blood and carrying of nutrients to all parts of the body. Controlling air movement in and out of the lungs The muscle action in the esophagus, stomach and intestine, help to break down food and eliminate waste.

3

Types of muscle

Smooth, striated, heart

4

Other name for smooth muscle and function

Called unstriated muscles. Located in gastrointestinal tract and blood vessels. (Involuntary)

5

Other name for striated muscle

Skeletal muscle 40% of the body's weight.

6

Other name for heart muscle. And function

Cardiac muscle: a special type of striated cell for using in the wall of the heart.

7

Fiber

Thousands of cylindrical muscle cells forming a skeletal muscle.

8

Endomysium

Wraps and separates the neighboring fibers in a fine layer of connective tissue.

9

Perimysium

Connective tissue surrounding a bundle of 150 fibers

10

Epimysium

Connective tissue wrapping around the entire muscle

11

Fasciculus

A bundle of 150 fibers.

12

Tendon

Strong parallel fibers massed tightly together. Connecting muscle to bone or muscle to muscle

13

Fast twitch

Usually activates in sprints.

14

Slow twitch

Endurance training

15

What is different about Muscles than other soft tissues.

They can shorten and lengthen. Contract and relax

16

Frontalis

17

Temporalis

18

Ocularis oculi

19

Zygomaticus

20

Masseter

21

Obituaris Oris

22

Sternocleidomastoid

23

Pectoralis major

24

Deltoids 

25

Biceps brachii

26

Rectus abdominus 

27

External obliques 

28

Transversus abdominus 

29

Adductor group

30

Gracilis