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Flashcards in herbal agents Deck (30):
1

Herbal agents are used most by

#1 Asians + #2 Caucasians

2

All herbal agents that begin with a G can cause

Risk for bleeding

3

Ginger: Intended uses

Nausea
colic
dyspepsia

4

Ginger side effects

Bloating
heartburn
belching

5

Ginger precautions

Risk for bleeding

6

Ginseng intended uses

Increased mental and physical well-being; lower cholesterol; reduce fatigue; enhance libido

7

Ginseng side effects

Nausea; diarrhea; headache; nervousness; insomnia

8

Ginseng precautions

Increased risk for bleeding mania in patients taking MAOIs

9

Ginkgo biloba intended uses

Memory; concentration; improve Alzheimer’s; glaucoma

10

Ginkgo biloba side effects

Nausea; vomiting; diarrhea; headache; dizziness; palpitations

11

Ginkgo biloba precautions

Increased risk for bleeding; elevated blood pressure

12

Garlic intended use

Improve digestion; respiratory; increased energy levels

13

Garlic side effects

Bad breath; nausea; indigestion

14

Garlic precautions

Increased risk for bleeding

15

St. John's Wart intended uses

Prove depression anxiety BPH signs and symptoms

16

St. John's Wart Side effects

Sensitivity to light; anxiety; dry mouth; fatigue; headache; sexual dysfunction

17

St. John's wort precautions

Increased risk for blood clots
do not take with aspirin/warfarin
May cause serotonin syndrome in patients taking SSRIs high fever of 103-105
Increase the effect of narcotics
Many drug interactions

18

Echinacea intended uses

Reduce cold signs and symptoms

19

Echinacea side effects

Allergy; nausea; abdominal pain; dysuria; myalgias

20

Echinacea precautions

Anaphylaxis; hepato- nephrotoxicity; May increase sedation with anesthesia

21

What to Herbal agents are used for PMS menopausal symptoms

Black cohosh and evening primrose

22

Black cohosh intended uses

Improve premenstrual and menopausal signs and symptoms

23

Black cohosh side effects

Nausea; vomiting; dizziness; Weight gain

24

Black cohosh precautions

Large amounts may lead to seizures; visual disturbance; bradycardia
Increased risk for vaginal bleeding
Not to be taken with hormone replacement therapy

25

Evening Primrose intended uses

Improve premenstrual menopausal symptoms

26

Evening Primrose Side effects

Nausea; headache; allergy

27

Evening Primrose precautions

elevated blood glucose level; increased risk for seizures after anesthesia; increased risk for epilepsy

28

Kava kava intended uses

Promote relaxation

29

Kava Kava side effects

Rash; Eye irritation

30

Kava kava precaution

Long term or high dose use May lead to impaired reaction time during driving; hypertension; liver damage; worsening of parkinsons