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Flashcards in High Yield Comparisons Deck (17)
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1

What are the Picoviruses?

Enteroviruses:
Polio
Coxsackie A and B
Echo virus
Enterovirus 70, 71, 72 (Hepatitis A)

Rhinoviruses:
Rhinovirus

2

What are the Reoviruses?

Rotavirus

3

What are Adenovirus?

Adenovirus
Enteric Adenovirus

4

What are the Calcivirus?

Norwalk virus (aka norovirus)

5

What are the paramyxoviruses?

parainfluenza 1-4
Respiratory Synctial Virus (RSV)
Mumps
Measles

6

What are the Coronaviruses?

SARS-associated coronavirus
other coronavirus

7

What are the Hepadnavirus?

Hepatitis B

8

What are the deltavirus?
What are the hepevirus?

Hep D
Hep E

9

What are the Arenaviruses?

Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis (LCMV)
Lassa Fever Virus

10

What are the Filoviruses?

African Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses:

Marburg Virus
Ebola Virus

11

What are the what classes make up the subclass Zoonoses?

Arenavirus
Filovirus
Togavirus

12

What are the Poxviruses?

Smallpox
Molluscum Contagiosum Virus (MCV)

13

What are the Rhabdoviruses?

Rabies virus

14

What are the nucleic acid structure of...
Picovirus
Reovirus (rotavirus)
Adenovirus
Calcivirus (Norwalk virus/norovirus)
Orthomyxovirus
Paramyxovirus
Coronavirus
Hepadnavirus
Flavivirus
Delta virus (Hep D)
Hepevirus (Hep E)
Arenavirus
Filovirus
Togavirus
Parvovirus (Parvo B-19)
Herpes Virus
Papovirus and Polyomavirus
Retrovirus
Poxvirus
Rhabdovirus

What are the nucleic acid structure of...
Picovirus +ssRNA
Reovirus (rotavirus) dsRNA 10 segments
Adenovirus dsDNA 1 segment
Calcivirus (Norwalk virus/norovirus) +ssRNA
Orthomyxovirus -ssRNA 8 segments
Paramyxovirus -ssRNA 1 segment
Coronavirus +ssRNA 1 segment
Hepadnavirus Hep B dsDNA circular with two gaps of ssDNA
Flavivirus +ssRNA
Delta virus (Hep D) -ssRNA
Hepevirus (Hep E) +ssRNA
Arenavirus -ssRNA
Filovirus -ssRNA
Togavirus +ssRNA
Parvovirus (Parvo B-19) ssDNA linear
Herpes Virus dsDNA linear
Papovirus (HPV) dsDNA circular 10 genes
Polyomavirus (JC virus) dsDNA circular
Retrovirus +ssRNA two identical copies
Poxvirus dsDNA (largest nucleic acid of virus)
Rhabdovirus -ssRNA

15

What are the envelope status and shape of...
Picovirus
Reovirus (rotavirus)
Adenovirus
Calcivirus (Norwalk virus/norovirus)
Orthomyxovirus
Paramyxovirus
Coronavirus
Hepadnavirus
Flavivirus
Delta virus (Hep D)
Hepevirus (Hep E)
Arenavirus
Filovirus
Togavirus
Parvovirus (Parvo B-19)
Herpes Virus
Papovirus and Polyomavirus
Retrovirus
Poxvirus
Rhabdovirus

Picovirus Non-enveloped icosohedral
Reovirus (rotavirus) Non-enveloped icosohedral
Adenovirus Non-enveloped icosohedral
Calcivirus (Norwalk virus/norovirus) Non-enveloped
Orthomyxovirus Enveloped Helical
Paramyxovirus Enveloped Helical
Coronavirus Enveloped Helical
Hepadnavirus Enveloped Icosohedral
Flavivirus Enveloped icosohedral
Delta virus (Hep D) ?
Hepevirus (Hep E) Non-enveloped
Arenavirus Enveloped
Filovirus Enveloped long cylinder
Togavirus Enveloped icosohedral
Parvovirus (Parvo B-19) Non-enveloped icosohedral
Herpes Virus Enveloped icosohedral
Papovirus and Polyomavirus Non-enveloped icosohedral
Retrovirus Enveloped
Poxvirus Both enveloped and non-enveloped no symmetry
Rhabdovirus enveloped helical (bullet shaped)

16

What are the orthomyxoviruses?

Influenza A, B, and C

17

What is the transmission routes of...
Picovirus (enterovirus)
Picovirus (rhinovirus)
Reovirus (rotavirus)
Adenovirus (adenovirus)
Adenovirus (enteric adenovirus)
Calcivirus (Norwalk virus/norovirus)
Orthomyxovirus
Paramyxovirus
Coronavirus
Hepadnavirus
Flavivirus (Hep C)
Flavivirus (arbovirus)
Delta virus (Hep D)
Hepevirus (Hep E)
Arenavirus (LCMV)
Arenavirus (lassa fever)
Filovirus
Togavirus
Parvovirus (Parvo B-19)
Herpes Virus
Papovirus
Polyomavirus (JC)
Retrovirus
Poxvirus (smallpox)
Poxvirus (MCV)
Retrovirus
Poxvirus
Rhabdovirus


Picovirus (enterovirus): fecal-oral
Picovirus (rhinovirus): airborne
Reovirus (rotavirus): fecal-oral
Adenovirus (adenovirus): airborne
Adenovirus (enteric adenovirus): fecal-oral
Calcivirus (Norwalk virus/norovirus): fecal-oral
Orthomyxovirus: airborne
Paramyxovirus: airborne
Coronavirus: airborne
Hepadnavirus: blood bourne, perinatal
Flavivirus (Hep C): blood bourne, perinatal
Flavivirus (arbovirus): mosquito and birds
Delta virus (Hep D): only in people with co-infection Hep B
Hepevirus (Hep E): fecal-oral
Arenavirus (LCMV): Mouse Poop
Arenavirus (lassa fever): Rat poop
Filovirus: skin and lesion contact
Togavirus: mosquitos and birds
Parvovirus (Parvo B-19): airborne
Herpes Virus: Saliva, Skin, Urine
Papovirus (HPV): Sexual
Polyomavirus (JC): airborne
Retrovirus: sexual, breast mild, bodily fluids
Poxvirus (smallpox): airborne
Poxvirus (MCV): skin contact
Rhabdovirus (rabies): bite from infected animal