HIGHEST YIELD 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in HIGHEST YIELD 2 Deck (119)
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1

rate limiting step in catecholamine biosynthesis

- hydroxylation of tyrosine

2

aldolase B deficiency

- Sucrose

3

cataract development in uncontrolled DM

- glucose to sorbitol

4

7 y/o M
metral retardation
vision problem
autopsy middle cerebral artery thrombosis
old renal infarct

- PYRIDOXINE

5

D-glucose and L-glucose

- Enantiomers

6

linkage between UREA CYCLE and CITRIC ACID CYCLE

- FUMARATE

7

starvation diet for 4 months lost 50lbs

- increase ACETOACETIC ACID

8

URINE TEST FOR KETONE does not detect

- beta hydroxybutyrate

9

tibial periostoma hematomas
painful gums

- ascorbic acid deficiency

10

tropocollagen molecules

- collagen

11

6 y/o F
pot bellied
pale
puffy face
enlarge tongue

- IODINE DEFICIENCY

12

glucose uptake in non exercising muscle GLUT 4

- facilitated diffusion

13

inverted P wave after QRS

- supra nodal premature contraction coming from the bundle of His

14

sheer stress, increase in REYNOLDS number, TURBULENCE in an arteriole

- induction of NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE

15

the primary/largest determinant of arterial pressure gradient during systole

- ARTERIOLES

16

INCREASE BP

- increase glomerular pressure
- increase peritubular capillary pressure
- decrease filtration fraction
- increase peritubular hydrostatic pressure leading to decrease reabsorption

17

ACEI

- will decrease efferent arteriole constriction

18

DKA

- removal of HYDROGEN IONS and ABSORPTION OF HCO3 ions in the PROXIMAL TUBULE

19

VENTRAL TEGMENTAL AREA OF TSAI

- DOPAMINE

20

PERIAQUEDACTAL GRAY REGION

- enkephalin producing neurons

21

INFERIOR OLIVARY NUCLEUS

- AUDITORY SYSTEM

22

NUCLEUS RAPHES MAGNUS

- SEROTONIN for suppression of the pain pathways

23

LIMBIC CORTEX

- orbitofrontal gyrus
- cingulate gyrus
- parahippocampal gyrus
- subcallosal gyrus

24

damage to THALAMUS will cause

-RETROGRADE amnesia

25

body floats during drowning

- 22 hours

26

heart sounds

- S2 has the higher frequency, greater elastic coefficient, longer duration than S1
- S2>S1

27

rheumatic fever most damage valve

- primary MITRAL VALVE
- secondary AORTIC VALVE

28

ventral respiratory group

- function in both inspiration and expiration

29

GASTRIC SECRETION

- 20% CEPHALIC PHASE
- 70% GASTRIC PHASE
- no such thing as esophageal phase

30

bile acids are conjugated with

- glycine
- taurine