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Flashcards in HIGHEST YIELD 4 Deck (182)
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1

How'many'oxygen' molecules'can'1' myoglobin'molecule' bind?

- 1

2

Hemoglobin,can,carry,

- 4, molecules,of,oxygen,

3

lesion'on'the' right'visual'cortex' posterior'to'the'lateral' geniculate'body,'which'of' the'following'visual' defects'would'be' expected?'

- Left hemianopia with macular sparing

4

Lesions of the optic tract will present with

- homonymous hemianopia

5

On'a'NORMAL'individual,' What'is'the'alveolar' ventilation,'given'the' following:'Tidal'Volume':' 500mL,'RR:22cpm?'
A.''''7.7'L'
B.''''8.8'L' C.'''9.9''L'' D.'''10.0'L' E.''''11.0'L'

AV=,(TV

6

Majority'of'Carbon' dioxide'is'transported'in' the'body'thru'which' form?'

- HCO3

7

Pulmonary,embolism

there,is,good, ventilation,but,zero,perfusion,

- hence, V/Q,ratio,is,infinite,,there,is,continuous, ventilation,with,no,perfusion.,

8

The,hemoglobin,Dissociation,curve, shifts,to,the,right,in

- Increased,CO2,,
- ACIDOSIS,(low,pH),,
- Increased,2,3, BPG,,
- Exercise,,
- Increased,Temperature.,
(similar,to,SIMILAR,TO,PREVIOUS, BOARD,EXAM,CONCEPT/PRINCIPLE,, came,out,3x!!!),

9

Which'of'the'following' combination'of'hormones' is'synergistic'with'each' other'to'promote'HCl' secretion?'

Ach,,Histamine,,and,Gastrin,are,all, involved,in,the,several,mechanisms,of, HCl,secretion.,

-Histamine,is,the,most, important,of,the,3.,

10

Basophilic,Cells,of,the,Anterior, Pituitary,Gland,secretes,the,ff:

- FSH
- LH
- ACTH
- TSH
- MSH

11

Locus'Ceruleus'of'the' Pons'

- NE

12

Ventral, tegmentum,of,Substantia,Nigra

- dopamine

13

Nucleus'Accumbens'

- GABA

14

Raphe'Nucleus'

Serotonin

15

Alzheimer's'Disease.' Where'is'Acetylcholine' produced'in'the'brain?

- Basal'Nucleus'of' Meynert

16

The,action,potential,of,the,SA,node, starts,at,

- phase 4
-The,more,steeper,the, phase,4,the,easier,it,is,to,reach,the, threshold,,hence,a,faster,cardiac,rate.,

17

Erection'

Parasympathetic,

18

normal'Alveolar-arterial'Gradient?'

High'altitude'

19

carotid'massage'to' decrease'the'HR.'Which' of'the'following'is' responsible'for'the' transmition'of'afferent' signals'from'the'carotid' sinus'to'the'medulla

CN,IX/,Glossopharyngeal,nerve,is, responsible,for,transmitting,the, afferent,signal,from,the,carotid,sinus,, its,branch,is,specifically,termed,as,the, Herring's,Nerve.,

20

2nd' heart'sound'is'heard

- Isovolumic'Relaxation'

21

large'amount'of' Calcium'gluconate

Arrhythmia'

22

A

does,not,change,its,length

23

,I

shorten.,This,also,causes,the,Z,lines,to, come,closer,together.,

24

How'much'body'water'is' lost'in'the'feces'during' prolonged'heavy' exercise?'

,set,at,350, and,100,ml/day,,respectively

25

How'much'body'water loss,from,respiration, increases,from,

350,to,650,ml/day

26

sweat,

,from,100,to,5000,ml/day.

27

Urine,finally,decreases,

from,1400,to,as, little,as,500,ml/day.,

28

'responsible' for'the'adhesion,'arrest' and'transmigration'of'all' leukocytes?'

ICAM'

29

Ventromedial'nuclei' of'hypothalamus

satiety,center;, stimulation,of,which,results,in,aphagia, (refuses,to,eat),,and,conversely,,its, destruction,leads,to,voracious,eating

30

This'refers'to'the'extra' osmotic'pressure'caused' by'cations,'primarily'Na' and'K,'held'in'the'plasma' by'the'proteins' contributing'to'the'total' plasma'colloid'osmotic' pressure

Donnan'effect'