Flashcards in Hinduism Study guide Deck (43)
Says no to all other religions and their beliefs
Says yes to everything about and all other religions
Says yes to some aspects of other religions but no to things that directly contradict their own religion
discriminates against all other religions
Which attitude towards world religions does the Church teach all Christians to believe in and practice?
What are the seven dimensions of religion?
experiential, mythic, doctrinal, ethical, ritual, social, and material
What is Nostra Aetate?
A article written by the Church to inform Christians on how they should act towards other religions
When was Nostra Aetate written?
During Vatican II/ the 1960's
What/who is Brahman?
The eternal essence, everything is Brahman, all rivers lead to one ocean a.k.a. brahman
What is an avatar?
A living incarnation of a god or goddess that is sent to earth to complete a moral mission
What is samsara?
The wheel of rebirth, or reincarantion
What is karma?
your actions and the positive or negative consequences
What is Dharma?
your ethical duty
What is your atman?
Your eternal self, which is reincarnated again and again until it achieves moksha from samsara
What is a Sanyasin?
a wandering ascetic, a person who has reached the fourth stage of life
What is Reincarnation?
once your being dies, your atman is reincarnated into a a specific caste based on your karma from the way you lived out your dharma
What is moksha?
What is the goal of all hindu's?
moksha from samsara
What do Hindus believe that the Ganges River can do?
The believe that it can forgive all sins
What is the Bhagavad Gita?
popular sacred Hindu texts
What are the upanishads?
ancient hindu texts that form the basis for Hindu doctrines
Who is Shiva?
The destroyer god
Who is Vishnu?
The sustainer god
What/who is Brahma?
The creator god
Who is Ganesha
the god who takes the form of an elephant, the destroyer of obstacles
Who is Lakshmi?
the goddess of wealth and prosperity
Who is Lord Krishna?
an avatar of Vishnu
How do the 330 million gods relate to Brahman?
The 330 million gods are masks of Brahman who lead atmans to Brahman
How do Hindu gods relate to Catholic saints?
the both lead souls to one god or one eternal essence
How do Hindu gods differ from Catholic saints?
Catholic saints were actual people
What is Diwali?
The Hindu Festival of Lights?
What does Diwali celebrate?
the triumph of light over dark, or good over evil
How long and when is Diwali celebrated?
5 days and during the fall
What is Holi
The Festival of Color
What does Holi celebrate?
When and for how long is Holi celebrated?
In the spring and for three days
What are the four stages of life?
Students, Householder, forest-dweller, and sannyasin
Do all people reach the fourth stage of life?
What are the four castes?
Brahmin(priests), warriors and administrators, mercahnts and farmers, servants
What is the lowest possible class a.k.a. sub-class
What is Karma Marga?
the way of action
What is juana marga?
The way of knowledge