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Flashcards in Islam Terms Deck (47)
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Arabic word for submission

Islam

1

A person who practices Islam

Muslim

2

Arabic word for "god"

Allah

3

One who reveals the word of god to people

prophet

4

The final prophet of god

Muhammad

5

person who provides Muslims with an example of how to live

Muhammad

6

The beginning of Muhammad's life as a prophet

The Night of Power and Excellence

7

When the Angel of Gabriel appeared to Muhammad

The Night of Power and Excellence

8

Muhammad's first wife

Khadija

9

Arabic word for "recitation"

Koran

10

Islam's primary sacred text

Koran

11

holiest city of Islam

Mecca

12

Where Muhammad was born

Mecca

13

place where Muhammad and his followers immigrated to

Medinah

14

Arabic word for emmigration

hijrah

15

The emigration of Muhammad and his followers from mecca to medinah and back

hijah

16

pilgrimage

hajj

17

a collection of Muhammad's actions and teachings

Sunna

18

the belief in one and only god

monotheism

19

a type of religion that honors or reveres Abraham

abrahamic

20

the Angel that appeared to Muhammad on the Night of Power and Excellence and told him to "recite" the word of God

Gabriel

21

main holy text of Islam

Koran

22

a prophet of god

Jesus

23

emigration of Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina to escape hostility in Mecca

hijrah

24

What are the exact words of the Shahadah?

There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger

25

What do you have to do to become a muslim?

say the shahadah three time in front of a witness and mean it

26

early successors of Muhammad and leader of Islam

Imam

27

leader of friday worship service who directs prayer and delivers sermon

imam

28

what is the islamic place of worship?

mosque

29

what is a mihrab?

a niche inside inside a mosque to direct people to mecca/to pray towards mecca

30

what is a minaret

tower on top of mosque used to cal people to prayer

31

what is a muezzin

person who calls people to prayer

32

azan

call to prayer

33

What does shi'i Islam believe about the caliphs?

caliph should have stayed within Muhammad family, those appointed by Muhammad, or among imams appointed by god

34

What does Sunni Islam believe about the caliphs?

caliph should be elected

35

What is ramadan?

a holy month of fasting from dawn to dusk

36

what is the umma?

the collective community of musims?

37

Jihad

religious duty of Muslims, internal struggle; jihad is to live out Allahs instruction by living out the five pillars

38

What is idolatry

the worship of a physical object as a god; forbidden in Islam

39

What is Salat?

the ritual prayer five times a day; ideally - prayer

40

What is Whudu?

the ritual cleansing before prayer

41

What is a caliph?

a successor of Muhammad as temporal and spiritual leader of Islam ---used as a title

42

What is a hajj?

the pilgrimage that all Muslims are obligated to complete before the end of their life

43

What is the Ka'ba?

most sacred building in Islam; circled around during the hajj

44

What are the dietary restrictions that Muslims must follow?

-no pork
-no blood
-no intoxicants

45

What is Sharia law?

Islamic law

46

What is the difference between a burqa and a hijab?

hijab does not cover face; burqa can only see eyes