Flashcards in Judaism Deck (29)
Jews living outside the promised land
What is the Seder?
the meal on Passover that commemorates the first passover in the Bible
Explain the covenant between Abraham and God
God promised Abraham numerous descendants and the Promised Land
What is Halakhah?
the ritual after a baby boy is born to mark him as one in with the covenant
Jewish laws (in the Torah)
What is the one specific thing that you cannot do to follow kosher?
you cannot cook a baby in its mother's milk; no dairy and meat together
Recite the Shema
Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, The Lord alone
What is the synagogue and why is it significant?
It is the Jewish place of worship and the torah is kept there
Who are the 3 patriarchs?
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (Israel)
Explain the situation with Moses and Egypt
The Israelites were enslaved in Egypt, and Moses led them out (parted the Red Sea)
Explain King David and Solomon
King David conquered Jerusalem, and then his son, King Solomon, built the temple
Explain the Babylonian Exile
Babylonians conquered jerusalem and Jews had to leave
Explain what affect the Greeks and Romans had on the Jews
Alexander the Great came to power and many Jews embraced Greek culture; Romans came and executed many Jews
Explain the Destruction of the Temple
Romans and Jews got in a war and they eventually destroyed the temple; Pharisees focused on practice rather than temple, so they survived
the Hebrew bible
What is the Torah
The law; part of the Tanakh; most important part of Tanakh
What is Neviim
the prophets; part of the tanakh;
What is Ketuvim
the writings; part of the tanakh
What do TA, NA, and KH stand for?
Torah, Neviim, and Ketuvim
What is the Mishnah?
the first round of commentary by rabbis on the torah; oral torah
What is Talmund?
the second round of commentary by rabbis on the torah and the mishnah; oral torah
Explain Orthodox Judaism
traditional; first branch made; believe torah is direct word from God
Explain Reform Judaism
2nd branch made; very modern; believe Torah is divinely inspired
Define Conservative Judaism
3rd branch created; a mix between Orthodox and Reform Judaism; believe Torah is divinely inspired
What is Rosh Hashanah?
The Jewish holiday that celebrates the Jewish New Year
What is a key element to Rosh Hashanah?
the shofar (a rams horn that is blown during this holiday)
What is Yom Kippur?
The Jewish holiday that is the day of Atonement (for your sins)