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Flashcards in Judaism Deck (29)
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Define Diaspora

Jews living outside the promised land

1

What is the Seder?

the meal on Passover that commemorates the first passover in the Bible

2

Explain the covenant between Abraham and God

God promised Abraham numerous descendants and the Promised Land

3

What is Halakhah?

Jewish law

4

Explain Circumcision

the ritual after a baby boy is born to mark him as one in with the covenant

5

Define Mitzvot

Jewish laws (in the Torah)

6

What is the one specific thing that you cannot do to follow kosher?

you cannot cook a baby in its mother's milk; no dairy and meat together

7

Recite the Shema

Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, The Lord alone

8

What is the synagogue and why is it significant?

It is the Jewish place of worship and the torah is kept there

9

Who are the 3 patriarchs?

Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (Israel)

10

Explain the situation with Moses and Egypt

The Israelites were enslaved in Egypt, and Moses led them out (parted the Red Sea)

11

Explain King David and Solomon

King David conquered Jerusalem, and then his son, King Solomon, built the temple

12

Explain the Babylonian Exile

Babylonians conquered jerusalem and Jews had to leave

13

Explain what affect the Greeks and Romans had on the Jews

Alexander the Great came to power and many Jews embraced Greek culture; Romans came and executed many Jews

14

Explain the Destruction of the Temple

Romans and Jews got in a war and they eventually destroyed the temple; Pharisees focused on practice rather than temple, so they survived

15

Define Tanakh

the Hebrew bible

16

What is the Torah

The law; part of the Tanakh; most important part of Tanakh

17

What is Neviim

the prophets; part of the tanakh;

18

What is Ketuvim

the writings; part of the tanakh

19

What do TA, NA, and KH stand for?

Torah, Neviim, and Ketuvim

20

What is the Mishnah?

the first round of commentary by rabbis on the torah; oral torah

21

What is Talmund?

the second round of commentary by rabbis on the torah and the mishnah; oral torah

22

Explain Orthodox Judaism

traditional; first branch made; believe torah is direct word from God

23

Explain Reform Judaism

2nd branch made; very modern; believe Torah is divinely inspired

24

Define Conservative Judaism

3rd branch created; a mix between Orthodox and Reform Judaism; believe Torah is divinely inspired

25

What is Rosh Hashanah?

The Jewish holiday that celebrates the Jewish New Year

26

What is a key element to Rosh Hashanah?

the shofar (a rams horn that is blown during this holiday)

27

What is Yom Kippur?

The Jewish holiday that is the day of Atonement (for your sins)

28

What is Passover?

a Jewish holiday that celebrates the first biblical Passover