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Flashcards in hip/heat related illness Deck (50)
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1

what are the 6 muscles that support the hip joint?

-Hip Flexor
-Quadriceps
-Hamstring
-IT Band
-Gluteus maximus
-Groin

2

name the four movements of the hip.

•extension
•flexion
•adduction
•abduction

3

what muscles cause each of the movements of the hip?

Extension - hip flexor, glutious max., hamstring
Flexion - Quad
Adduction - Groin
Adbuction - IT band

4

how do you measure for True Leg Length?

Iliac crest ----> lateral malleolus

5

how do you measure for functional leg length?

Belly button ---> medial malleolus

6

by checking for true leg length and functional leg length, what are you checking for?

if the legs are the same length, checking for injury

7

what would you do for an athlete who constantly gets hit in the same spot on his left quadriceps?

Put pads on them & protect it

8

An athlete comes to you with a very hard bone-like growth in her right quadriceps. what do you believe this athlete has in her quadriceps? What will the athlete most likely have done to correct the problem?

A calcium of bone-like growth surgery & have it removed (Myositis Osificans)

9

A football player goes down in agony. When you get out to inspect the player his left leg seems to be slightly shorter and his left thigh rotates out. He is in extreme pain and seems to be showing signs of shock. He is shaking, his pulse if rapid and weak, and he seems to be losing consciousness. what is his injury? What would you do to treat the shock?

Fractured femur, keep warm, talk to him, elevate other leg

10

why is a dislocated hip a medical emergency?

-Could go into shock
-Cuts off blood flow

11

what does the Kendall's test test for?

Hip flexor, tightness (could cause strain)

12

What does the Obers test test for?

IT band, tightness or strain

13

A track athlete comes to you asking for a good stretching program. she wants to decrease her chance of straining a hip muscle. What would be a good stretching program with at least 1 stretch for each hip muscle? Explain them.

Quad: pull heel up to butt
Hamstring: Touch toes
IT band: left over right lean over left
Groin: lung
Gluteus: pretzel stretch
Hip Flexor: kendalls

14

A football player gets tackled. He gets up limping. When you ask him what happened, he explains that the opposing players helmet hit him hard in the hipbone. when you try to touch the injury the player winces in pain. His hip range of motion is limited and a bruise is starting to appear on a iliac crest. What do you believe his injury is? What immediate treatment would you use?

Hip Pointer, RICE

15

An athlete comes to you complaining of dizziness. You notice the athlete is sweating heavily and has flushed skin. As you notice these things the athlete vomits. What might the athlete be suffering from? How would you treat it?

Heat exhaustion
Shade/Water
Cool Down

16

What are the 3 best liquids for an athlete to stay hydrated with?

Water
Juice
Gatorade that's watered down

17

How can you tell if a person is well hydrated?

If the urine is clear

18

Can a person not be thirsty and still be dehydrated?

yes

19

What type of heat illness is a medical emergency? What are the signs and how do you treat this athlete?

Heat stroke, Heat cramp if really bad, Sweating stops, Dizzyness, Put him in an ice bath

20

what does Passive Motion, Gentle massage, RICE, and Muscle setting all have in common?

Hip Rehab

21

how do you test the quad?

Extend knee and hand below knee

22

how do you test the hip flexor?

Flexion, put hand on quad

23

how do you test the groin?

The knee, adduction

24

how do you test the IT band?

the knee, abduction

25

how do you test the hamstring?

Gastroc, flexion

26

how do you test the gluteus maximus?

hamstring, extention

27

what are the symptoms & treatment of heat cramps?

SYMPTOMS
-Cramps

TREATMENTS
-Drink water
-Cool area
-Massage cramp

28

what are the symptoms & treatment of heat exhaustion?

SYMPTOMS
-Blurry Vision
-Feel Sick
-Sweating

TREATMENT
-Cooler area
-Drink water

29

what are the symptoms & treatment of heat stroke?

SYMPTOMS
-Don't Sweat

TREATMENT
-cool immediately
-call 911

30

what are the preventions of heat related illness before?

Drink 8oz of water