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Flashcards in Intro/ankle Test Deck (63)
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1

What are the 4 motions of the ankle

Eversion
Inversion
Plantar flexion
Dorsi flexion

2

What are the 3 lateral ankle ligaments

Calcaneo fibular
ATF (anterior talofibular)
PTF (posterior talofibular)

3

What side of the ankle is the deltoid ligament located?

Medial

4

What bony landmark can you use to find the location of the 3 lateral ligaments of the ankle?

Lateral malleolus

5

What is the name of the muscle that stabilizes the ankle?

Anterior tibialis

6

What movement does the anterior tibialis create when it flexes?

Dorsal flexion

7

Which muscle creates plantar flexion when flexed?

Gastroc (gastrocnemius)

8

What bone does the tibia and fibula come together with to form the ankle joint?

Talus

9

When an athlete inverts their ankle what ligaments may be damaged?

ATF
PTF
Calcaneo fibular

10

An eversion sprain may result in a fracture of what bone?

Fibula

11

What ligament is damaged when an eversion sprain happens?

Deltoid

12

What are the three visual signs that a person may have a sprained ankle?

Swelling
Discoloration
Limping

13

How would you test a persons ankle for a fibular fracture?

Tap & squeeze test

14

Never use what treatment on an acute ankle sprain?

Heat

15

An ice bag shouldn't be left on an injury for how many minutes?

20

16

An athlete should never use a cold whirlpool or ice bucket for any loner than how many minutes?

12

17

What are the three main goals of rehabilitation of the ankle?

1. Decrease swelling
2. Increase ROM
3. Increase strength

18

Ankle rehabilitation strengthens...

Muscles, not ligaments

19

What should an athletic trainer use as immediate treatment on an ankle sprain?

RICE

20

What are two tests a trainer can do with there hands to test for an ankle sprain?

Drawer test
Point test

21

What is the ABC ankle exercise?

Writing the alphabet with ur big toe

22

What is the paper wad ankle exercise?

Picking up the paper balls w/ toes and placing them into a shoe

23

What is the manual resistance ankle test?

Hand applying pressure to the foot and the foot is trying to push the hand back

24

What is the relationship between pain and the ankle rehabilitation?

If there is pain then stop

25

What can be damaged with an eversion ankle sprain?

Fibula

26

What is an injured muscle or tendon called

A strain

27

What is caused by the gastroc?

Plantar flexion

28

What is one way to check for a fractured fibula?

Squeeze test

29

What builds up over time

Chronic

30

What is it called when an ankle is turned in

An inversion