Flashcards in the knee Deck (43)
which muscle creates flexion?
which muscle creates extension when it flexes?
which muscles are in the knee?
hamstring, quadriceps, and gastroc
what is another name for the kneecap?
what are 3 things you look for when an athlete says they have a knee injury?
-Loss of ROM
what does the anterior drawer test test for?
what is the anterior drawer test?
having athlete lay on back with injured leg flexed and foot flat on table. wrap hands around tibia below patella pull at you
if the test is positive the ACL will slide towards you
what does the apprehension ACL test test for?
what is the apprehension ACL test?
athlete on stomach flex injured knee. place one hand over inferior hamstring the other hand around the ankle pull up ankle and twist
if the test is positive the foot will rotate more than normal
what are the two tests to check for ACL damage?
what are the two cartilage tests?
what does the mcmurrays test test for?
what is the mcmurrays test?
on back. place one hand on lateral side of knee and the other around the bottom of the foot. push knee towards chest and rotate in a clockwise patttern
if the test is positive you will feel popping or clicking in the knee
what does the apprehension cartilage test test for?
what is the apprehension cartilage test?
on stomach. flex injured leg up. push down on bottom of foot and twist
if the test is positive grinding or popping felt up into hand
what are the two collateral tests?
Valgus stress test and the Varus stress test
what does the Valgus Stress test test for?
what does the Varus Stress test test for?
LCL tear/ damage
what is the Valgus stress test?
on back. have injured knee slightly bent. place one hand around ankle and the other on lateral side of knee. pull ankle hand and push with knee hand
if test is positive the knee will buckle in with a clunk while returning
what is the Varus stress test?
on back. same as valgus stress except you will be putting one hand on the medial side of the knee
if test is positive the knee will buckle out with a clunk while returning
an unhappy triad involves injury to what structures?
A sprained ACL, MCL and Cartilage
what special tests can be done on an athlete with an unhappy triad? (there are 6)
-Valgus stress test
-Varus stress test
an athlete comes to you complaining of pain right below the patella. there is a bump located there and it hurts when he runs, jumps, or sits cross-legged. what condition might the athlete have? when does this condition usually occur?
Patellar dislocation. This usually occurs when there has been a twist of the knee or a direct blow
an athlete twists her right knee and hears a pop. what structure might be damaged and what special tests can be done to check this structure?
the MCL or LCL could be damaged. the tests you can use are the valgus stress test and the varus stress test
the intention of knee rehabilitation is to what?
Increase ROM & Strength
what two range of motion excersizes used during level one rehabilitation?
heel slides & towel stretch
what can an athlete do during level one rehabilitation to strengthen the muscles around the knee?
what releases an athlete back to playing sports after an ACL reconstruction?
what part of the knee provides shock absorption?