Histology - Cytology Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Histology - Cytology Vocabulary Deck (12)
1

Cytoplasm

Morphology - fluid-like or gel-like matter

Function - Contains all the molecules for the cells metabolic functions

2

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

M - Long, flattened, occasionally branch saccules with surface ribosomes

F - Protein synthesis and segregation

3

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

M - branching tubules or broad, flat, parallel and concentric saccuoles

F - Steroid or fat synthesis; detoxification of drugs

4

Golgi Complex

M - parallel stacks of saccules often in a U-shape

F - Concetration and packaging of secretory products; membrane recycling

5

Lysosome

M - Ovoid or irregular shaped organelle

F - Degredation of substances through use of hydrolytic enzymes

6

Multi-Vesicular Body

M - Membrane-bound vacuoles within internal vesicles

F - a form of lysosome

7

Mitochondrion

M - ovoid or elongated with an inner folded membrane

F - oxidative phosphorylation ad ATP production

8

Peroxisome

M - round or elliptical membrane bound bodies

F - lipid metabolism through the use of oxidative enzymes

9

Centriole

M - nine triplets of short microtubules arranged in a cylinder

F - Organization and orientation of microtubules, cilia, and flagella

10

Glycogen

M - long, hollow tubes of protein subunits (tubulin)

F - cell shape and intracellular movement

11

Intermediate Filaments

M - Bundles or networks of filaments (vimentin, keratin, desmin)

F - Stabalize cell shape, organization of organelles and inclusions

12

Microfilaments

M - parallel bundles of filaments (actin, myosin)

F - cell contraction; motility