Magna Carta (Latin: "the Great Charter"), also called Magna Carta Libertatum.
-charter issued by King John of England at Runnymede, near Windsor,
-15 June 1215.
-First drafted by the Archbishop of Canterbury to make peace between the unpopular King and a group of rebel barons.
-promised the protection of church rights, protection for the barons from illegal imprisonment, access to swift justice and limitations on feudal payments to the Crown, to be implemented through a council of 25 barons.