Flashcards in history REVISE Deck (20)
what is animism?
the belief that the natural world consists of demons/spirits
leading to belief that different behaviour was due to being 'possessed'
prevalent in early period (20 000 BC)
how were people seen as different viewed and treated in the early period?
seen : possessed
treated : exorcism
trepining (craniometry - hole punched in skull to release evil spirits)
how were people seen as different viewed and treated in the Greek period?
seen : 3 categories (mania, melancholia and phrenitis)
somatogenesis and not punishment
imbalance of 4 humours
treated : given period of tranquility and not punished
how were people seen as different viewed in the late greek and roman period?
seen : psychogenesis as a cause
how were people seen as different viewed and treated in the dark ages and medieval period?
seen : return to thinking of possession
treated : 'lunacy trials' to confiscate property and confine
looked after by priests
how were people seen as different viewed and treated in the medieval period?
seen : women viewed as witches
treated : burnt or locked away
how were people seen as different viewed
in the renaissance and elizabethan period?
seen : psychogenesis and mind playing tricks on itself
how were people seen as different viewed and treated in the industrial revolution?
seen : animalism so dehumanised
treated : locked away in asylums
asylums became theatres
what is animalism?
de-humanising people that are different
how were people seen as different viewed and treated towards enlightenment?
seen : humanised
treated : Quaker retreats and moral treatment
how were people seen as different viewed and treated in the victorian era?
seen : eugenics movement
treated : social exclusion
19 - 20th century
scientific advances in medicine
1. attributed mental disorders to bodily malfunctions caused by infections or diseases
2. attributed mental disorders to psychological malfunctions
3. social learning e.g Watson showed how fear can be instilled suggesting can be unconditioned
4. attributing behavioural characteristics to heritability and differentiating between nature and nurture
treatment in 19-20th century
new radical interventions instead of just warehousing patients
towards current era
united nations declaration on human rights
still locked up in asylums
attention to biological, psychological, socio-economic factors
what is demonology?
belief that evil being can live within a person and control their mind and body
what does Pinel's social vulnerability theory entail?
if reasoning had left someone due to social and personal problems
it may be restored through comfort
what is moral treatment and where did it come from?
the social vulnerability theory
abnormal people had people read and talk to them and help them engage in activity and encouraged to be independent
what was the Eugenic movement?
the use of Darwinian evolutionary theory to bolster racism as viewed as 'maladaptive'