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Flashcards in HIV and STDs Deck (12):
1

How many people currently live with HIV?

34 million people

2

What is the dominant mode of HIV spread worldwide?

Heterosexual transmission

3

What is the dominant mode of HIV spread in the UK?

Men who have sex with men

4

What is the most common bacterial cause of STI?

Chlamydia trachomatis

5

How can Chlamydia be spread?

1. Mothers to infants through birth canal
2. Sex

6

What does genital Chlamydia cause?

Cervicitis, dysuria, pyuria, perihepatitis, PID

Urethritis, epididymitis, prostatitis, arthritis

7

How is chlamydia diagnosed?

Nucleic acid amplification

8

Which age group is most infected with Chlamydia?

16 - 24

9

What is a growing problem with gonorrhoea infection?

Drug resistance

Especially ciprofloxacin-resistant strains

10

In which groups is syphilis resurging?

Men who have sex with men

11

Which HPV serotypes are genital warts associated with?

HPV 6 and 11

12

How does herpes simplex infection affect HIV transmission?

HSV infection facilitates HIV infection