Flashcards in HIV clinical Deck (21)
Can CD4 count be used for HIV diagnosis?
no, CD4 alone should not. if you have sepsis, your CD4 count may drop down to 100.
what is a cut off of CD4 count for HIV clinical infection?
what kind of skin dz can you get with HIV?
1. seborrheic dermatitis
2. papulopruritic eruptions nodular prurigo
what is the CD4 account when skin dz occur with HIV?
what is the CD4 account when pulmonary TB?
what is the characteristics of TB in AIDS pt?
TB can be found in anywhere in the lung (not just at the apex)
what causes oral luekoplakia?
what is kaposi's sarcoma?
blood vessel tumor
what is the most common serious dz with AIDS?
PCP --> now called Pneumocystis jirovecii --> responds best to Sulfar drug
what do you see from pt with PCP in AIDS?
what is esophageal Candida?
thrush extended to esophagus?
herpes can lead to
multiple ring enhancing on MRI, usually associated with basal ganglia
JC Virus can cause
Progressive Multifocal leukoencephalopathy
CMV can cause
what is Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare
MAI or MAC, a dz of advanced HIV
what is the goal of Antiretrovial therapy?
to suppress HIV-1 replication --> prevent/delay destruction of immune system --> achieve normal survival
if the viral load is NOT high but CD4 count is 350
what are the reasons to delay HAART?
2. resistance to drugs