Flashcards in Holism And Reductionism Deck (9)
What is holism?
People must be studied as a whole stystem
What is reductionism?
Behaviour is broken down into constituent
What is the benefits of holism?
-Provide a complete picture
-Accepts and deals with complex nature of behaviours
-Considers individual differences
What is the limitation of holism?
-Very costly to investigate into different types and levels of explanation
-Not based on empirical evidence
What does DSM stand for?
Multi-axial tool looks at patients physical condition, social & economic condition when diagnosing.
What can psychology be replaced with?
Hierarchy of reductionism
What is the hierarchy of reductionism?
More precise at the bottom and more general at the top
What is biological reductionism?
Reduce behaviour to a physical level and explain it in terms of neurons, neurotransmitters, hormones, brain structure