Holism And Reductionism Flashcards Preview

AQA Psychology - Issues And Debates > Holism And Reductionism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Holism And Reductionism Deck (9)
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1

What is holism?

People must be studied as a whole stystem

2

What is reductionism?

Behaviour is broken down into constituent

3

What is the benefits of holism?

-Provide a complete picture
-Accepts and deals with complex nature of behaviours
-Considers individual differences

4

What is the limitation of holism?

-Very costly to investigate into different types and levels of explanation
-Not based on empirical evidence

5

What does DSM stand for?

Multi-axial tool looks at patients physical condition, social & economic condition when diagnosing.

6

What can psychology be replaced with?

Hierarchy of reductionism

7

What is the hierarchy of reductionism?

More precise at the bottom and more general at the top

8

What is biological reductionism?

Reduce behaviour to a physical level and explain it in terms of neurons, neurotransmitters, hormones, brain structure

9

What is environmental reductionism?

Reduced behaviour to the simple building blocks of S-R (stimulus-response) associations and that complex behaviours are a series of S-R chains.