Idiographic And Nomothetic Approaches Flashcards Preview

AQA Psychology - Issues And Debates > Idiographic And Nomothetic Approaches > Flashcards

Flashcards in Idiographic And Nomothetic Approaches Deck (16)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is meant by idiographic approach?

Understanding behaviour through studying individual cases.

2

What is meant by nomothetic approach?

Understanding behaviour through developing general laws that apply to all people.

3

What does idiographic approach reject?

Scientific method

4

What type of data is collected from idiographic approaches?

Qualitative

5

What is qualitative data?

Non numerical, descriptive e.g. thoughts and feelings.

6

Was the case of little Hans idiographic or nomothetic?

Idiographic

7

What are the strengths of the idiographic approach?

-Detailed
-Informative
-Uncover causes for behaviours
-Holistic hypotheses developed
-Provides hypotheses for future scientific studies

8

What are the limitations of the idiographic approach?

-Cannot generalise to wider population
-Subjective, flexible and unstandardised procedures

9

What does the nomothetic approach produce?

General laws of human behaviours

10

What can general laws of human behaviour be used for?

Used for future behaviour by predicting and controlling them

11

Does the nomothetic behaviour has a large or small small?

Large

12

What different types of general laws can be proposed by nomothetic approaches?

-Classification of people in to groups: DSM IV
-Establishing principles of behaviour: Conformity & obedience
-Establishing dimensions to compare people: IQ

13

What kind of data is produced by nomothetic approaches?

Quantitative data

14

What are the strengths of the nomothetic approach?

-Generalise to wider population
-Objective, measurable and replicable

15

What are the limitations of a nomothetic approach?

-General laws and principle may not always be applied to an individual
-Understanding is sometimes superficial

16

Can the idiographic and nomothetic approach be complementary?

Yes