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ACMT Final Written Exam Review > Homeostasis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Homeostasis Deck (6)
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1

Define Adaptation

Postural adaptation- the ability to maintain balance and remain upright during changes in position and challenges to stability.

Also:
physiological adaptation- the ongoing process by which internal body functions are regulated and adjusted to maintain homeostasis in the internal environment.

psychological adaptation- the ongoing process, anchored in the emotions and intellect, by which humans sustain a balance in their mental and emotional states of being and in their interactions with their social and cultural environments.

2

Define Compensation

Structural or Postural Compensation- the counterbalancing of any defect of structure or function.

Psychological compensation- a mental process that may be either conscious or, more frequently, an unconscious defense mechanism by which a person attempts to make up for real or imagined physical or psychological deficiencies.

3

Define Decompensation.

the nonoptimal distribution of body mass resulting from the maladapta-tion of the mechanisms of postural homeostasis.

4

True or false:
The body's temperature control system is an example of decompensation.

False. This is an example of adaptation.

5

True or false:
Functional scoliosis develops to decompensation tightness of the right quadratus lumborum.

False. This is an example of compensation.

6

True or false:
Fusion of the facet joints due to scoliosis is an example of adaptation.

False. This is an example of decompensation.