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Introduction to Counselling (PSYC1433) > Humanistic theory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Humanistic theory Deck (11):
1

Name the humanistic assumptions and values.

* PRESENCE/AUTHENTICITY: authentic, person-to-person relationship
* EXPERIENCING: immediate experiencing
*AGENCY/SELF-DETERMINATION: free to choose what to do
* HOLISM: greater than the sum of parts
* PLURALISM/EQUALITY: recognise differences
* GROWTH: natural tendency towards psychological growth and development

2

What years did Carl Rogers live between?

1902-1987

3

What is key in person-centred counselling?

Climate/condition for therapeutic movement to occur

4

What are the 3 questions in person-centred counselling?

1. Can I be real?
2. Will I find myself caring for them?
3. Can I understand their inner world?

5

Name the fundamental conditions (Rogers, 1957).

* PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTACT between 2 people
* client in state of INCONGRUENCE (vulnerable/anxious)
* therapist is CONGRUENT
* therapist experiences UNCONDITIONAL POSITIVE REGARD
* therapist has EMPATHIC understanding of client's internal frame of reference

6

Name the theoretical assumptions.

* both counsellor & client are trustworthy
* individuals move instinctively towards the realisation of their inherent potential
*individuals start to develop a self-concept early in life
* based on own valuing process, internalised conditions of worth/values of others

7

What is a self concept?

Perceptions/beliefs about ourselves

8

How did Rogers (1959) explain self concept?

We want to feel/experience/behave in ways consistent with our self image

9

What determines our sense of self worth?

The closer our self image is to our ideal self, the higher our sense of self worth.

10

What are the 3 components of self concept?

self image
ideal self
self worth

11

What is the difference between congruent and incongruent?

Congruent people have a larger overlap between their self image and their ideal self, which allows them to self-actualise.

Incongruent people have a smaller overlap between their self image and ideal self, which makes self-actualisation difficult.