Flashcards in Humanistic theory Deck (11):
Name the humanistic assumptions and values.
* PRESENCE/AUTHENTICITY: authentic, person-to-person relationship
* EXPERIENCING: immediate experiencing
*AGENCY/SELF-DETERMINATION: free to choose what to do
* HOLISM: greater than the sum of parts
* PLURALISM/EQUALITY: recognise differences
* GROWTH: natural tendency towards psychological growth and development
What years did Carl Rogers live between?
What is key in person-centred counselling?
Climate/condition for therapeutic movement to occur
What are the 3 questions in person-centred counselling?
1. Can I be real?
2. Will I find myself caring for them?
3. Can I understand their inner world?
Name the fundamental conditions (Rogers, 1957).
* PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTACT between 2 people
* client in state of INCONGRUENCE (vulnerable/anxious)
* therapist is CONGRUENT
* therapist experiences UNCONDITIONAL POSITIVE REGARD
* therapist has EMPATHIC understanding of client's internal frame of reference
Name the theoretical assumptions.
* both counsellor & client are trustworthy
* individuals move instinctively towards the realisation of their inherent potential
*individuals start to develop a self-concept early in life
* based on own valuing process, internalised conditions of worth/values of others
What is a self concept?
Perceptions/beliefs about ourselves
How did Rogers (1959) explain self concept?
We want to feel/experience/behave in ways consistent with our self image
What determines our sense of self worth?
The closer our self image is to our ideal self, the higher our sense of self worth.
What are the 3 components of self concept?