Hungary ~ General/Regional Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Hungary ~ General/Regional Deck (24):
1

What is

Vörös?

Red Wine

2

What is

Fehrér?

White Wine

3

What is

Siller?

Pale Red Wine

(darker than Rozé?)

4

What is

Pezsgő?

Sparkling Wine

5

What is

Késői szüretelésű bor?

Late Harvest Wine

6

What is

Válogatott Szüretelésű?

Late Harvest from

selected berries

7

What is

Töppedt Szőlőből?

Late Harvest from 

shriveled berries

8

What is 

Jégbor?

Ice Wine

9

What is Bikaver?

Where can it be made?

Bikaver is a traditional red wine of Hungary.
(aka: Bull's Blood)

Can only be made in:
Eger PDO (Észak Moagyarország)
Szekszárd PDO (Dunántú / Transdubia

Must be a blend of at least 3 varietals.
No grape can be less than 5% or more than 50%.

40% min combined:
Kadarka, and Kekfrankos

also allowed:
Kékoportó (aka: Portugeiser), Blauburger,
Zweigelt, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon,
Merlot, Pinot Noir, Menoire, Syrah

10% Max combined:
Turán, Bíborkadarka

~11.5% min ABV~

Bikaver Superior
30-50% min Kekfrankos

5 grapes minimum must be used.
No other grape can exceed 30%

30% Max combined:
Cab Sauv + Cab Franc

No Bíborkadarka!

~12.5% min ABV~

10

What is 

Districtus Hungaricus Controllatus?
(DHC)

A Hungarian system created in 2006 similar to the Austrian DAC system.

Supposed to recognize the best queslity of wines coming out of a region...

It seems only Villány wines labeled as "Prémium" qualify to bear the DHC label.

Label depicts a blossoming Crocus flower.

Villány Prémium Voros wines must be aged in oa for minimum 12 months.

11

What are the Major Wine growing zones of Hungary?

Észak Magyarország
(North Hungary)
- Bükk
- Debrői Hárslevelű
Eger

- Mátra
- Tokaj

-----

Duna
(Danube / Great Plain)
- Duna
- Csongrád
- Hajós-Baja

- Izsáki Arany Sárfehér
- Kunság

-----

Dunántú
(Transdanubia)
Too many to list all; most important are:

- Szekszard
- Villány
- Badacsony
- Balatonfüred-Csopak
- Somló
- Sopron

12

What is the Largest PDO in Hungary?

Kunság

in Duna
(Danube/Great Plain))

Mostly mass produced white wines are produced here. They are from indegenous grape varieties.

13

Where is

Észak Magyarország?

This is
Northern Hungary

Has 5 PDO wines:
(BD-MET)

Bükk
(vörös - feher - rozé)

Debrői Hárslevelű
(feher only??)
(overlaps west part of Eger)
(85% min Hárslevelű)
Classic - Superior

Mátra
(vörös - feher - rozé - siller - LH -muskotály)

Eger
(vörös - feher - rozé - siller - Bikaver - Muskotály)

Tokaj
(see corresponding Tokaj deck)

14

Where is

Bükk?

Észak Magyarország
(Northern Hungary)

Just West of Tokaj.
(not bordering)

-----

Vörös - Feher - Rozê

~9% min ABV~

15

Where is

Eger?

Észak Magyarország
(Northern Hungary)

Just West of Bukk; on the border.

-----

Vörös - Feher - Rozé - Siller
MuskotályBikaver

Wines here can be Superior

One of only 2 zones approved for Bikaver.
Other is Szekszárd (in Dunántú / Transdubia)

~100 hl/ha~
~9% min ABV~

Bikaver
(aka Bull's Blood)

40% min combined:
Kekfrankos, Kadarka

must be 3 grapes minimum.

~11.5% min ABV~
(~12.08% min in Szekszárd~)

All Superior wines
~12.5% min ABV~

16

Where is

Debrői Hárslevelű?

Észak Magyarország
(Northern Hungary)

Overlaps Eger on its Western end.
Extends further south, though.

Only made in 5 communes:
Aldebrő, Feldebrő, Tarnaszentmária, Tófalu Verpelét

-----

White Only??
Classic - Superior

85% min Hárslevelű

15% Max combined:
Chardonnay, plus other grapes...

Classic
~12% min ABV~
{11% actual}

Superior
~12.5% min ABV~
{11% actual)

17

Where is

Mátra?

Észak Magyarország
(Northern Hungary)

Just West of Eger, and Debrői Hárslevelű; on the border.

-----

Vörös - Feher - Rozé - Siller
MuskotályKésői szüretelésű bor

18

Where is

Hajós-Baja?

Duna
(Danube / Great Plains)

This is the small Southwest portion.
On the western border of Kunság.

-----

Vörös - Feher - Rozé - SillerPezsgő

~9% min ABV~

19

Where is

Kunság?

Duna
(Danube / Great Plains)

Largest PDO in Hungary

-----

Majority is mass produced Feher wines.
There is some Vörös made too.

Fully contains the PDO Izsáki Arany Sárfehér.
Made is 8 communes in the north around Iszák.

20

Where is

Izsáki Arany Sárfehér?

Duna
(Danube / Great Plains)

Fully inside Kunság PDO; northern section.

Made in 8 communes:
Iszák, Ágasegyháza, Orgovány, Páhi, Fülöphaza,
Fülöpszállás, Szabadszállás, Kunszentmiklós

-----

Feher Only!!

100% Arany Sárfehér
(aka: Feher Kadarka / Feher Muskotály)

(not related to Kadarka, genetically)

~100 hl/ha~
~9.87% min ABV~

21

Where is

Csongrád?

Duna
(Danube / Great Plains)

This is the small Southeast portion.
On the Eastern border of Kunság.

-----

Vörös - Feher - RozéMuskotály

~9% min ABV~

Barrique
*3 months min aging in casks < 350 Liters

22

Where is 

Villány?

Dunatu
(Transdanubia)

Vörös - Feher - Rozé
Classicus

Vörös Prémium - Feher Prémium

Vörös Prémium
*12 months min in wood

Note
- Prémium wines are able to label with the Districtus Hungaricus Controllatus logo.

23

Where is

Szekszárd?

Dunatu
(Transdanubia)

One of the villages on Pannon PDO

-----

Vörös - Feher - Rozé
Bikaver

One of only 2 zones approved for Bikaver.
Other is Eger (in Upper Hungary)

~100 hl/ha~
~9% min ABV~

Bikaver
(aka Bull's Blood)

40% min combined:
Kekfrankos, Kadarka

must be 3 grapes minimum.

~12.08% min ABV~
(~11.5% min in Eger~)

24

Where is

Sopron?

Dunatu
(Transdanubia)

{some sources say inside Ballaton PDO}

One the Austrian border
Neusiedlersee - Neusiedlersee-Hugelland
Mittlelbergenland

-----

Vörös - Feher - Rozé - Siller
KekfrankosPezsgő
Kései Szüretelésű
(late harvest)

Kekfrankos
100% Kekfrankos

Pezsgő
vörös - fehrer - rozé
*3 bars min pressure

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