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Flashcards in Hungary - Tokaj Deck (26):
1

Tokaj is at the base of what mountains?

Carpathian Mountains

They wrap around this part of Hungary to the North, East, and South like a reverse 'C'.

2

What are the rivers of Tokaj?

Tisza River
(flows from the Northeast)

Bodrog River
(flows from the East)

----------

The very best vineyards are located right where the rivers join, just West and Northwest of the village of Tokaj.

Most of the classified vineyards are in the northern slope of the Tisza River.  It seems to be the most important according to this map.

3

Permitted Grapes of

Tokaj

Furmint

Harslevelu

Kabar

Koverszolo

Zeta

Sargamuskotaly
(Yellow Muscat - Muscat a Petite Grains)

----------

(Kaba Kover Zeta, Sarge!)

4

Describe the

Tokay Vineyard classification

Was first done in the 1700's by Transylvanian Prince Rákóczy.  Rákóczy set apart 28 villages in the region as the best producing.

They were separated into 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Growths.

There are 2 Great First Growths:
-Mézes Mály
-Szarvas

74 Vineyards are First Growth.

5

Tokaj Great First Growth Vineyards

Mézes Mály
(near Tarcay commune)
in the north

Szarvas
(near village of Tokaj)
in the south

6

Styles of

Tokaj

Eszencia
(Essencia)
2 tons/ha
450 g/l min RS
27.75 min ABV
{1.2 - 8% actual}
 3 years min aging (?)
2 months min in wood (?)

Aszu
(botrytis affected sweet wines)
- created in 2013 to replace Aszuessencia & Puttonyos -
70 hl/ha
10 tons/ha
120 g/l min RS
19% min ABV
{9% actual}
 3 years min aging
18 months min in wood

Aszueszencia
(7-9 puttonyos)
-- eliminated in 2013 --

Aszu w/ Puttonyos
[3-6 puttonyos]
-- eliminated in 2013 --

Szamorodni
[szaraz/dry, edes/sweet]

Forditas
[szaraz/dry, edes/sweet]

Maslas
[szaraz/dry, edes/sweet]

Kesoi Szuretelesu Bor
(Late Harvest)

Feher Bor
(white table wines)

Pezsgo
(sparkling)

7

What is Szaraz?

A term indicating a dry wine.
(9 g/l Max RS)

Can be added to:
Szamorodni
Fortidas
Maslas

8

What is Edes?

A term indicating sweet wine.
Used for wines of not 100% Aszu grapes.

(45 g/l min RS)

Can be added to:
Szamordni
Fortidas
Maslas

9

What is a gonc?

Traditinoal barrel of the Tokay region.

136 Liters

10

What is puttony?

The traditional basket used to collect Aszu grapes. 

They can hold approximately 25kg.

The aszu grapes are pounded into an aszu paste and added to Gonc barrels (136L)

Traditionally, the amount of puttonyos worth of azsu paste that is added to the Gonc becomes the amount on the label.
(3-6).

11

Minimum RS for the levels of

Tokaj Aszu?

Essencia
450 g/l

~27.75% min ABV~
{1.2 - 8% actual)

(takes decades to ferment)

Aszu
120 g/l
~19% min ABV~
{9% actua}

====================
everything else was eliminated from 2013 vintage forward
====================

Aszuessencia
180 g/l

~16.62% min ABV~
{6% actual}

6 puttonyos
150 g/l

~18.53% min ABV~
{9% actual}

5 puttonyos
120 g/l

~16.11% min ABV~
{9% actual}

4 puttonyos
90 g/l

~14.31% min ABV~
{9% actual}

3 puttonyos
60 g/l

~12.54% min ABV
{9% actual}

12

Tokaj Essencia

Free run juice from the puttony

~2 tons/ha~
~14 hl/ha (approx)~

~27.75% min ABV~
{1.2 - 8% actual}

450 g/l min RS
(can sometimes reach upwards of 900!)

Can take decades to ferment

13

Tokaj Aszu

~70 hl/ha~
~10 tons/ha~

~19% min ABV~
{9% actual}

120 g/l min RS

*3 years min aging
**18 months min in barrel

Note:
- This has replaced Aszuessencia and all puttonyos categories as of the 2013 vintage.

14

Tokaj Aszuessencia

7-9 Puttonyos

~70 hl/ha~
~16.62% min ABV~
{6% actual}

180 g/l min RS

*3 years min aging
**2 years min in barrel

Note:
- This, and all puttonyos categories, have been eliminated as of the 2013 vintage and relaced by a single category:
"Aszu"
- ~19% min ABV~
- {~9% actual~}
- 120 g/l min RS
- *3 years min aging
- *18 months min in wood

15

Tokaj
6 Puttonyos

~70 h/l ha~
~18.53% min ABV~
{9% actual}

150 g/l min RS

*3 years min aging
**2 years min in barrel

Note:
- All puttonyos categories, and Aszuessencia, have been eliminated as of the 2013 vintage and relaced by a single category:
"Aszu"
- ~19% min ABV~
- {~9% actual~}
- 120 g/l min RS
- *3 years min aging
​- *18 months min in wood

16

Tokaj
5 Puttonyos

~70 hl/ha~
~16.11% min ABV~
{9% actual}

120 g/l min RS

*3 years min aging
**2 years min in barrel

Note:
- All puttonyos categories, and Aszuessencia, have been eliminated as of the 2013 vintage and relaced by a single category:
"Aszu"
- ~19% min ABV~
- {~9% actual~}
- 120 g/l min RS
- *3 years min aging
​- *18 months min in wood

17

Tokaj
4 Puttonyos

~70 hl/ha~
~14.31% min ABV~
{9% actual}

90 g/l min RS

*3 years min aging
**2 years min in barrel

Note:
- All puttonyos categories, and Aszuessencia, have been eliminated as of the 2013 vintage and relaced by a single category:
"Aszu"
- ~19% min ABV~
- {~9% actual~}
- 120 g/l min RS
- *3 years min aging
​- *18 months min in wood

18


Tokaj
3 Puttonyos

~70 hl/ha~
~12.54% min ABV~
{9% actual}

60 g/l min RS

*3 years min aging
**2 years min in barrel

Note:
- All puttonyos categories, and Aszuessencia, have been eliminated as of the 2013 vintage and relaced by a single category:
"Aszu"
- ~19% min ABV~
- {~9% actual~}
- 120 g/l min RS
- *3 years min aging
​- *18 months min in wood

19

What is

Tokay Szamorodni?

Literally means: "As it comes..."

Made from both Aszu and non-aszu grapes.

Can be labeled either:
Szaraz (dry) -or- Edes (sweet)

~70 hl/ha~

*2 years min aging
**1 year min in barrel

-Can be oxidative-

Szaraz (dry)
~13.6% min ABV~
{12% actual}

9 g/l Max RS

Edes (sweet)
~15.12% min ABV~
{12% actual}

45 g/l min RS

20

What is

Tokaj Fortidas?

Made from refermenting wine with the
pressed paste of Aszu grapes.

Can be labeled either:
Szaraz (dry) -or- Edes (sweet)

~70 hl/ha~

~12% min ABV~
{9% actual}

*2 years min aging
**1 year min in barrel

Szaraz (dry)
9 g/l Max RS

Edes (sweet)
45 g/l min RS

21

What is

Tokay Maslas?

Made from refermenting wine with spent lees.

Can be labeled either:
Szaraz (dry) -or- Edes (sweet)

~70 hl/ha~

~12% min ABV~
{9% actual}

*2 years min aging
**1 year min in barrel

Szaraz (dry)
9 g/l Max RS

Edes (sweet)
45 g/l min RS 

22

What is

Tokay Kesoi Szuretelesu Bor?

Late Harvest

~70 hl/ha~
~12.8% min ABV~
{9% actual}

23

What is

Tokaj Feher Bor?

Dry white table wines of Tokaj

~100 hl/ha~
~10.5 min ABV~
{9.5% actual}

These wines are promoted by:
Istvan Szepsky (Kiralyudvar)
Circle of Mad

24

What is

Tokaj Pezsgo?

Sparkling Wine

~100 hl/ha~
~9% min ABV~
{10% actual}
(the 9% is for the base wine)

15 g/l min RS

3.5 bars min pressure

25

What is the

Circle of Mad?

An organization set up by Istvan Szepsky (of Kiralyudvar).

Their main purpose is to promote the dry white table wines (Tokaj Fehr Bor) of Tokaj.

26

What Tokaj winery is owned by Vega Sicila?

Tokaj Oremus

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