Hx. Flashcards Preview

Jas Comp Exam > Hx. > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hx. Deck (27)
Loading flashcards...
1

In what century did Acupuncture arrive in Japan and where did it come from?

1.) 5th century
2.) Imported from China via Korea

2

Progression of Japanese acupuncture…

6th century- Korean scholars invited to Japan, educated the Japanese in Acupuncture and Herbal medicine

7th century- Japanese Gov't send scholars and priests to study Chinese culture, and the classics arrived

3

Classics crucial to Japanese acupuncture

Huang Di Nei Jing
Su Wen
Ling Shu
Nan Jing

4

Who invented the guide tube?

Sugiyama Waichi

5

Herbal based studies stem from what classic text?

Shang Han Lu

6

What happened and when was the Meiji Restoration period?

the 1800's

-feudal Japan was on its way out
-Japan was modernized and modeled after the West
-All physicians were required to pass a Wx. medical exam
-Blind were exempt

7

What happened in the 20th century?

-Tighter controls
-Gov't license was required
-system of revised acupuncture points
-No dx. needed

*practitioners were given specific points to use (yuck!!)

8

What is Keiraku Chiryo?

Meridian Therapy - a major force in the practice of Acupuncture in Japan

9

Discuss the importance of palpation in JAS.

1. Useful for feedback
2. Developed on theories of the Nan Jing
3. Useful in preventative medicine
4. Helps train your own energy

10

Causes of disease include

1. Prenatal and postnatal Jing
2. Constitutional differences
3. External factors: Climactic influence
4. Internal factors: 7 emotions
5. External+internal=constitution= pathology

11

What are the 4 inspections?

1. Looking
2. Listening/Smelling
3. Asking
4. Palpating

12

Yang Type person

Heavy or thin(more rare)- muscles tend to be tight
Facial color: reddish, the Will is strong
Outgoing personality
*Does not usually contract disease, if does-onset is rapid, sx. are strong and clear but the person recovers quickly

13

Yin Type Person

Soft flesh, poor circulation, dark digestion
*Person is likely to contract disease, process is slow, and it easily becomes chronic, takes time to recover
person is usually thin with weak digestion

14

Yin and Yang types comes from which classic?

Chapter 45 of the Huang Di Nei-Jing-Ling Shu

15

Definition of blood according to Manaka

Blood is where the physical body and the energetic body come together

16

Blood stasis is…

1. A byproduct of the natural breakdown of the cellular elements of blood
2. A result of incomplete menstrual flow
3. Associated with local swelling, edema, and discoloration of the area due to trauma etc.
4. A result of a blood transfusion
5. Inherited predisposition to Blood stasis

17

Clinical significance of Blood Stasis

1. Gives an idea about an overall condition that accompanies a QI disorder
2. Helpful in formulating a prognosis

18

First stage of Blood stasis is..

At the Wei Qi level and easy to treat

19

Second stage of Blood stasis is..

Zheng Qi (functional Qi) and slightly more difficult to treat, less favorable prognosis

20

Third stage of Blood stasis is..

Organic changes more difficult to treat, involves more treatment and may be irreversible.

21

Basic significance of palpation

1. assesses the overall condition
2. assesses the local condition
3. immediate feedback

22

Functions of palpation

1. Assess for root diagnosis
2. assess specific imbalances for local dx.
3. Give direct influence of patient's Qi
4. Palpation techniques can be used to prepare acupoints
5. Gives idea about prognosis
6. Can be used for evaluation

23

Pulse positions comes from what classic text?

CH. 18 of the Nan Jing

24

Hyperesthesia

Abnormally increased sensitivity

25

Hypoesthesia

Abnormally decreased sensitivity

26

Hypertonia

Increased tone/tension of muscle

27

Hypotonia

Diminished tone of muscle