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Orthopedic Assessment > Hybrid- Lumbar & Thoracic > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hybrid- Lumbar & Thoracic Deck (20)
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1

A postural distortion involving lateral curvature of the spine is called
Select one:
a. flexion contracture
b. scoliosis
c. lordosis
d. kyphosis

b. scoliosis

2

A person with a hypertonic right quadratus lumborum would likely have the greatest limitation in motion during
Select one:
a. passive extension
b. resisted forward flexion
c. passive right lateral flexion
d. passive left lateral flexion

d. passive left lateral flexion

3

A client with a moderate strain to the right side erector spinae muscles is likely to have the most pain with which procedure during evaluation?
Select one:
a. passive lumbar extension
b. resisted lumbar extension
c. resisted left lateral flexion
d. resisted right lateral flexion

b. resisted lumbar extension

4

A postural distortion in which the upper thoracic region has a convex curvature in a posterior direction is called…
Select one:
a. kyphosis
b. levoscoliosis
c. dextroscoliosis
d. lordosis

a. kyphosis

5

Which of the following evaluation procedures would put increased compressive load on the facet joints of the posterior spine?
Select one:
a. passive flexion
b. resisted lateral flexion
c. passive extension
d. active flexion

c. passive extension

6

What is the name of a condition where the 5th lumbar vertebral slides anteriorly in relation to the sacrum?
Select one:
a. cauda equina syndrome
b. spondylosis
c. spondylolisthesis
d. herniated nucleus pulposus

c. spondylolisthesis

7

Which of the following conditions will NOT occur in the lumbar region?
Select one:
a. herniated nucleus pulposus
b. ligament sprains
c. quadratus lumborum tenosynovitis
d. erector spinae strain

c. quadratus lumborum tenosynovitis?

8

The outer cartilage rings of an intervertebral disc are called the___________
Select one:
a. articular facet
b. capsular fluid
c. nucleus pulposus
d. annulus fibrosis

d. annulus fibrosis

9

If your client has a very hypertonic right quadratus lumborum muscle, which of the following would you be most likely to find during evaluation? Pain with…
Select one:
a. palpation and passive left lateral flexion
b. resisted left lateral flexion and active extension
c. passive extension and resisted flexion
d. resisted left lateral flexion and resisted right lateral flexion

d. resisted left lateral flexion and resisted right lateral flexion?

10

In the lumbar spine a herniated disc is most likely to protrude in which direction?
Select one:
a. posterior-lateral
b. anterior-lateral
c. straight lateral
d. anterior

a. posterior-lateral?

11

Which of the following trunk motions occurs in the frontal plane?
Select one:
a. right rotation
b. left lateral flexion
c. extension
d. forward flexion

b. left lateral flexion

12

The lumbar vertebrae are most directly stacked on top of each other in which of the following postural distortions?
Select one:
a. decreased lumbar lordosis
b. exaggerated lumbar lordosis
c. lateral pelvic tilt
d. kyphosis

a. decreased lumbar lordosis

13

A client that reports radiating pain down one lower extremity during the straight leg raise test is likely to
have…
Select one:
a. lumbar facet syndrome
b. erector spinae strain
c. thoracic kyphosis
d. herniated nucleus pulposus

d. herniated nucleus pulposus

14

If your client has sustained a moderate ligament sprain to the left side intertransverse ligaments that span between adjacent transverse processes of the spine, which of the following evaluation procedures is most likely to reproduce that pain?
Select one:
a. resisted forward flexion
b. passive right lateral flexion
c. resisted left lateral flexion
d. passive left lateral flexion

b. passive right lateral flexion?

15

Which of the following positions produces the greatest compressive loads on spinal structures?
Select one:
a. lying down
b. squatting
c. standing
d. poor sitting postures

d. poor sitting postures

16

Which of the following postural problems is most likely to result from an exaggerated thoracic kyphosis?
Select one:
a. forward head posture
b. overstretched iliopsoas
c. left lateral pelvic tilt
d. decreased lumbar lordosis

a. forward head posture

17

Intervertebral disc herniations are least likely to occur in which region of the spine?
Select one:
a. thoracic
b. lumbosacral
c. cervical
d. upper lumbar

a. thoracic

18

A strain to the right iliopsoas muscle would be most likely to reproduce pain with…
Select one:
a. resisted right hip flexion
b. active left lateral flexion
c. passive right lateral flexion
d. resisted trunk extension

a. resisted right hip flexion

19

If your client has a limited and restricted range of motion in right lateral flexion, which of the following tissue is most likely responsible for that limited range?
Select one:
a. right erector spinae
b. left iliopsoas
c. left quadratus lumborum
d. right quadrataus lumborum

c. left quadratus lumborum

20

A client that has a lumbar disc pressing on a nerve root is most likely to complain of
Select one:
a. back pain with resisted flexion
b. increased night pain
c. weakness during passive flexion
d. pins and needles down his leg

d. pins and needles down his leg