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Flashcards in Hybrid-Cervical Deck (20)
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1

an evaluation procedure that would engage the anterior scalenes and longus colli in an isometric contraction?
Select one:
a. active left lateral flexion
b. resisted flexion
c. passive extension
d. resisted extension

a. active left lateral flexion

2

Which of the following evaluation procedures is most likely to reproduce symptoms if your client has a cervical disc herniation?
Select one:
a. cervical distraction
b. cervical compression
c. resisted extension
d. resisted flexion

b. cervical compression

3

The symptoms of thoracic outlet syndrome can be quite similar to those of __________ making it difficult to make a distinction between them sometimes.
Select one:
a. carpal tunnel syndrome
b. torticollis
c. lumbar disc herniations
d. tenosynovitis

a. carpal tunnel syndrome

4

Where are herniations of intervertebral discs in the cervical region are most common?
Select one:
a. upper cervical region
b. in the mid cervical region
c. lower cervical region
d. in an anterior direction

c. lower cervical region

5

If the left lateral flexor muscles are hypertonic, which of the following motions would most likely demonstrate a limited range of motion?
Select one:
a. passive right lateral flexion
b. active extension
c. resisted right lateral flexion
d. passive left lateral flexion

b. active extension

6

Myofascial trigger points in the cervical region are most effectively identified by ___________.
Select one:
a. special orthopedic tests
b. direction palpation
c. resisted contraction of their antagonist
d. passive motion that shortens the tissue

b. direction palpation

7

Which of the following procedures would most likely reproduce pain for someone that sprained the intertransverse ligaments on the right side (which span between adjacent transverse processes)?
Select one:
a. passive right lateral flexion
b. passive left lateral flexion
c. resisted left lateral flexion
d. resisted right lateral flexion

b. passive left lateral flexion

8

If your client has a strain to the right levator scapulae muscle, which of the following evaluation procedures is most likely to reproduce the pain she is feeling?
Select one:
a. resisted right shoulder elevation
b. resisted left rotation
c. passive cervical extension
d. passive right rotation

a. resisted right shoulder elevation

9

Which of the following procedures would likely be painful if your client had a strain to the right longus colli?
Select one:
a. resisted flexion
b. resisted left rotation
c. passive right rotation
d. active flexion from a standing position

a. resisted flexion

10

Which of the following muscle actions would be occurring in a manual resistive test for cervical extension?
Select one:
a. concentric contraction of posterior scalenes
b. eccentric contraction of anterior scalenes
c. eccentric contraction of deep neck flexors
d. isometric contraction of upper trapezius

b. eccentric contraction of anterior scalenes

11

Which of the following is most likely to be a symptom of nerve root compression in the cervical region?
Select one:
a. weakness during passive range of motion evaluations
b. paresthesia down the upper extremity
c. paresthesia down the lower extremity
d. pain with a manual resistive test

b. paresthesia down the upper extremity

12

Which of the following would be most likely to produce a sprain to ligaments in the cervical region?
Select one:
a. thoracic outlet syndrome
b. torticollis
c. upper crossed syndrome
d. whiplash

d. whiplash

13

Which of the following evaluation procedures would be most effective to stretch the right side lateral flexor muscles?
Select one:
a. passive left lateral flexion
b. resisted left lateral flexion
c. passive right lateral flexion
d. active right lateral flexion

a. passive left lateral flexion

14

If your client has forward head posture and tightness in the anterior neck flexor muscles, which of the following would be most helpful for decreasing the postural distortion?
Select one:
a. stretching the cervical flexors
b. passive lateral flexion
c. stretching the cervical extensors
d. resisted cervical flexion

c. stretching the cervical extensors

15

Which of the following is most likely to be a symptom of disc herniation in the cervical region?
Select one:
a. muscle soreness in the posterior neck region
b. pins and needles sensations down the upper extremity
c. deep aching pain in the anterior neck
d. coldness in the hands

b. pins and needles sensations down the upper extremity

16

Symptoms of thoracic outlet syndrome are felt most commonly in the distribution of which nerve?
Select one:
a. median
b. radial
c. musculocutaneous
d. ulnar

d. ulnar

17

Which of the following muscle groups is hypertonic in the upper crossed syndrome?
Select one:
a. cervical extensors
b. rhomboids
c. neck flexors
d. ipsilateral neck flexors

a. cervical extensors

18

Which of the following statements is most accurate about whiplash-associated-disorders?
Select one:
a. pain symptoms subside quickly
b. pain symptoms may occur weeks after the accident
c. an MRI evaluation should always be performed
d. the history is of minimal value in assessing this condition

b. pain symptoms may occur weeks after the accident

19

If a person was sitting stationary at a traffic light in their car and was hit from behind, which muscle group would absorb the initial force load and rapidly lengthen?
Select one:
a. cervical extensors
b. right side lateral flexors
c. scapular elevators
d. cervical flexors

a. cervical extensors

20

The Adson maneuver is a common evaluation procedure used to identify the possible presence of _____________.
Select one:
a. thoracic outlet syndrome
b. carpal tunnel syndrome
c. cervical whiplash
d. cervical muscle strain

a. thoracic outlet syndrome