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Flashcards in Hybrid- Hip & Pelvis Deck (21)
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1

Which of the following muscles is going to be significantly stretched during a passive range-of-motion evaluation in medial hip rotation.
Select one:
a. gluteus minimus
b. sartorius
c. piriformis
d. gluteus medius

c. piriformis

2

The symptoms of _______________are very similar to those arising when a herniated disc presses on nerve roots.
Select one:
a. gluteus minimus weakness
b. trochanteric bursitis
c. piriformis syndrome
d. iliopsoas trigger points

c. piriformis syndrome

3

The nerve most commonly compressed in piriformis syndrome is the…
Select one:
a. tibial
b. sciatic
c. femoral
d. lumbar

b. sciatic

4

Tightness in the left quadratus lumborum is most likely to produce…
Select one:
a. reduced lordosis
b. right lateral pelvic tilt
c. left lateral pelvic tilt
d. posterior pelvic tilt

b. right lateral pelvic tilt

5

Which of the following single plane movements would not be evaluated during a range-of-motion evaluation in the hip?
Select one:
a. upward rotation
b. flexion
c. adduction
d. abduction

a. upward rotation

6

A client with medial thigh pain during a resisted adduction motion most likely has sustained an injury to the…
Select one:
a. adductor longus
b. gluteus minimus
c. iliotibial band
d. rectus femoris

a. adductor longus

7

A client with medial thigh pain during a resisted adduction motion most likely has sustained an injury to the…
Select one:
a. adductor longus
b. gluteus minimus
c. iliotibial band
d. rectus femoris

a. adductor longus

8

If your client is demonstrating a posterior pelvic tilt, which of the following muscles is most likely to be hypertonic and shortened?
Select one:
a. rectus femoris
b. iliopsoas
c. biceps femoris
d. quadratus lumborum

b. iliopsoas

9

If your client has a left lateral pelvic tilt, which of the following muscles is most likely in a shortened position?
Select one:
a. right side gluteus minimus
b. right side tensor fascia latae
c. left side rectus femoris
d. left side gluteus medius

d. left side gluteus medius

10

If your client has a hypertonic and shortened iliopsoas muscle, during which of the following evaluation procedures is she most likely to demonstrate a reduced range of motion?
Select one:
a. active lateral hip rotation
b. resisted hip flexion
c. active hip abduction
d. passive hip extension

d. passive hip extension

11

One most common factors that may contribute to a lateral pelvic tilt is…
Select one:
a. piriformis muscle atrophy
b. hip joint tightness
c. tightness in the iliopsoas
d. lumbar scoliosis

d. lumbar scoliosis

12

Which of the following is most likely a symptom of sciatic nerve compression by the piriformis muscle?
Select one:
a. atrophy of the hip abductor muscles
b. weakness in the gluteus medius muscle
c. numbness in the anterior thigh
d. paresthesia sensations in the posterior thigh

a. atrophy of the hip abductor muscles?

13

Which of the following postural distortions is most likely to increase the lumbar lordosis?
Select one:
a. posterior pelvic tilt
b. trunk flexion
c. left lateral pelvic tilt
d. anterior pelvic tilt­

d. anterior pelvic tilt

14

During range-of-motion evaluation you determine that your client has gluteal pain during resisted lateral hip rotation but not during passive lateral hip rotation. Which of the following tissues would most likely be the cause for her pain?
Select one:
a. piriformis
b. femoral nerve
c. gluteus medius
d. joint capsule

a. piriformis

15

Which of the following tissues has a fibrous connection with the sacrotuberous ligament and can pull on the sacrum when stretched?
Select one:
a. gluteus medius
b. biceps femoris
c. iliopsoas
d. hip joint capsule

a. gluteus medius?

16

Which of the following is most likely to be a causative factor for sacroiliac joint dysfunction
Select one:
a. leg length discrepancy
b. quadriceps tightness
c. adductor strain
d. disc herniation

d. disc herniation

17

Trochanteric bursitis may result from friction between this structure and the trochanteric bursa.
Select one:
a. adductor longus
b. iliotibial band
c. sacrotuberous ligament
d. iliofemoral ligament

b. iliotibial band

18

If the iliopsoas is engaged in an eccentric muscle action, what motion is occurring at the hip joint?
Select one:
a. extension
b. flexion
c. medial rotation
d. abduction

a. extension?

19

Hypertonicity and shortness in the _________________ is evaluated during the modified Thomas test.
Select one:
a. iliopsoas
b. quadratus lumborum
c. piriformis
d. gluteus medius

a. iliopsoas?

20

If your client is lying on her left side and is lifting her right leg straight up in the air for an active range-of-motion evaluation, which of the following muscles is engaged in a strong concentric contraction?
Select one:
a. biceps femoris
b. gracilis
c. adductor longus
d. gluteus medius

b. gracilis?

21

Which of the following muscles is most likely hypertonic and shortened if a person has an anterior pelvic tilt?
Select one:
a. gluteus maximus
b. biceps femoris
c. iliopsoas
d. piriformis

c. iliopsoas