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Flashcards in Hypoparathyroidism Deck (12)
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1

What does Parathyroid hormone do (PTH)

pulls calcium out of bones and into bloodstream (increases calcium in the blood)

2

What does the PTH cause

causes kidneys to reabsorb more calcium and release vitamin D which allows for absorption of calcium

3

When blood calcium levels decrease this stimulates

the release of PTH from parathyroid gland

4

What is Hypoparathyroidism

decreased secretion of PTH by parathyroid gland W

5

What causes Hypoparathyroidism

damage to the parathyroid gland during thyroidectomy or pancreatitis
-renal failure may also cause underproduction of PTH

6

What does Hypoparathyroidism result in

-hypocalcemia
-hyperphosphatemia (elevated phosphate)

7

Most important S/S of Hypoparathyroidism

-numbness/tingling
-positive Chvostek's sign
-positive Trousseau's sign

8

Other S/S of Hypoparathyroidism

-muscle cramps
-tetany/seizure
-dysrhythmias

9

Treatment for Hypoparathyroidism

-calcium gluconate
-calcium/vitamin D supplements
-phosphate binders (reduces phosphate)

10

What should be implemented for Hypoparathyroidism

implement seizure precaution

11

What diet should a Hypoparathyroidism pt be on

high calcium, low phosphorus diet

12

What should phosphate binders be given with

meals