IDFX 1 - Programming, Sustainability and Site Analysis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in IDFX 1 - Programming, Sustainability and Site Analysis Deck (31):
1

Quantitative analysis tools vs qualitative analysis tools

Quantitative analysis tools
- Field Survey
- Furniture Inventory
- Questionnaire

Qualitative analysis tools
- Observation
- Questionnaire

2

You are field verifying a space to document existing conditions. What is most important to establish before commencing site work?

Establishing a dimension convention prior to commencing site work (i.e. tolerances, purpose of measurement)

3

Which is the simplest and one of the most flexible circulation path patterns?

A) Dumbbell layout
B) Linear layout
C) T-layout
D) Grid layout

A) Dumbbell layout

The linear dumbbell layout is the simplest and one of the most flexible circulation path patterns.

Spaces are laid out along a straight path that connects two major elements at the ends - usually the entrance to the space or group of rooms at one end and an exit or other access point at the other. The path can be straight, bent or curved as required to accommodate the fixed architectural space.

4

What phase would a designer determine if the building owner or client is interested in applying for a LEED rating for their project?

Site analysis or programming phase

These sustainability decisions include those that affect site selection, or selection of the building in which the tenant or interior design project will be located.

5

Certified contractors are required for remediation of all of the following hazardous materials EXCEPT

A) Lead
B) PCBs
C) Radon
D) Asbestos

C) Radon

Although it is sometimes done by a specialty contractor, radon detection and remediation can be done by anyone.

6

What are the five common hazardous materials found in existing buildings?

Asbestos, lead, PCBs, radon, & vermiculite

7

Which workflow type does not have a strict organized method of workflow?

Network

8

Which step in the five step programming process would the designer develop abstract ideas that are functional solutions to the client's performance problems without defining the physical means to solve them?

Uncovering and testing concepts

9

What are the five steps of the programming process?

1. Establishing goals
2. Collecting and analyzing facts
3. Uncovering and testing concepts
4. Determining needs
5. Stating the problem

10

A product that is reusable after it has served its purpose in the original building is what in the life cycle of another building?

Salvaged materials

11

If an occupant of a building is experiencing a variety of health-related symptoms that cannot be directly linked to a particular cause, what might they be suffering from?

Sick-building syndrome

Sick-building syndrome is generally not linked to any particular cause, but occupants find that symptoms disappear after they leave the building.

12

What are the three phases of the design process?

1. Analysis phase (predesign/programming)
2. Synthesis phase (schematic/design development)
3. Implementation phase (construction documents/contract documents)

13

Identifies goals, objectives, key issues, and limitations that will provide a comprehensible understanding of the project.

Problem statement

14

Defines the spaces, walls, door openings, and functional relationships. Furniture, workstations, and other design features are added to assist the designer in further development of the plan.

"Test fit" plan

15

Conveys the basic concept or theme of the design. Communicates the organizing ideas behind the project, such as a concept based on geometry and organized in a curvilinear or angular layout.

Parti diagram

16

Solar (heat, light, and electricity), wind, hydroelectric, geothermal, and biomass are all examples of what?

Renewable energy sources

17

Converts solar energy directly into electricity at a building's site and provide energy for heating water or for electrical power.

Photovoltaic (PV) technology

18

Two common applications of geothermal energy

1. Extraction of heat originating from deep within the earth

2. Geo-exchange of heat near the surface using a heat pump

19

Relies on the design of the building itself, rather than on fuel-consuming mechanical equipment by utilizing building orientation, interior layout, slope of glazing, shading, and reflectors.

Passive solar design

20

The amount of water vapor present in air expressed as a percentage of the amount needed for saturation at the same temperature

Relative humidity

21

Global society advancing human well-being through sustainable technology for the built environment. It focuses on building systems, energy efficiency, indoor air quality, refrigeration, and sustainability through research, standards writing, publishing, and continuing education

ASHRAE

22

Rigid exterior walls that transfer lateral wind and earthquake loads to the buildings foundation

Shear walls

23

What are the minimum items required for programming?

Statement of goals and objectives
Client requirements'List of spaces and areas

Code review, budget requirements, scheduling constraints, and survey of existing building conditions can also be included.

24

What are the four major programming considerations?

Form, function, economy and time are the major categories to consider during programming. All other choices would fall under these categories.

Form: Priority, hierarchy, density, spatial requirements, occupancy classification

Function: Establishing goals, collecting data, suitability, code compliance, anthropometrics and ergonomics, sustainability, communication

Economy: Budget

Time: lead time

25

Abstract approaches the designer can use to solve the clients goals and needs

Programmatic concepts

(i.e. increase sales of low-priced children's toys)

26

Physical solution to solve the clients goals and needs

Design solutions

(i.e. display low price toys in checkout line at child's eye level when standing or seated in a shopping cart)

27

What is the written document called that organizes all the information gathered during the analysis phase and documented in a written/graphic format?

Information gathered generally culminates in a written document called a “Program.”

Programs vary greatly from project to project, depending on the size and complexity of a project.

For example, a program for a small office project may be included in just one page of information; whereas, a program for a large corporate project may involve many pages of information and diagrams and presented in a booklet format.

28

You are converting a retail warehouse into a new coworking space and suspect that areas of the existing ceiling contains asbestos. What do you do next?

Testing for asbestos and mitigation efforts must be done by an accredited company following strict procedures. In many cases if the asbestos has not been disturbed it can be left in place because EPA and OSHA have determined that intact and undisturbed materials do not pose a health risk. The asbestos may be encapsulated to protect it from becoming friable or from accidental damage.

During building demolition or renovation, the EPA does require asbestos removal. This must be done by a licensed contractor certified for this type of work.

29

The ability of a previously used material to be used as a resource in the manufacture of a new product is referred to as what?

Recyclability is the ability of a previously used material to be used as a resource in the manufacture of a new product.

30

Term used to define the total energy required to extract, produce, fabricate and deliver a material to a job site, including the collection of raw materials, the energy used to extract and process the raw materials, transportation from the original site to the processing plant or factory, the energy required to turn the raw materials into a finished product, and the energy required to transport the material to the job site.

Embodied energy

31

During a renovation, when products and materials cannot be reused or recycled, they are disposed of in a landfill.

What type of product would BEST minimize the quantity of items that go to a landfill and also save raw materials?

1. Post-consumer materials

2. Recovered materials

3. Co-Products

4. Biobased products

Biobased products

Source: USGBC, Building product disclosure and optimization - sourcing of raw materials
If old products and materials cannot be reused or recycled, they must be burned or placed in a landfill for disposal.

If a material is biodegradable, it can break down quickly and return to the earth. Some materials, such as aluminum, most plastics, or steel, take a very long time to decompose naturally…Biobased products may be used to minimize disposal problems while saving depletable raw materials.

Bio-based products must meet the Sustainable Agriculture Network’s Sustainable Agriculture Standard. Bio-based raw materials must be tested using ASTM Test Method D6866 and be legally harvested, as defined by the exporting and receiving country. Exclude hide products, such as leather and other animal skin material. Products meeting bio-based materials criteria are valued at 100% of their cost for the purposes of credit achievement calculation.

Biobased products are made with plant or animal materials as the main ingredient…Some examples of biobased products include adhesives, composite panels, gypsum wall board substrates, ceiling tiles, and carpet backing.