IELTS Ch 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in IELTS Ch 1 Deck (23):

- After the election the huge throng/crowd danced in the streets

a large group of people
- After the election the huge throng/crowd danced in the streets
- The stars had difficulty making their way through the throng/crowd of people outside the cinema


- The refugees sat in a small, tight huddle underneath some trees

- to come close together in a group/to crowd together
- to sit or lie in a curl or bent position
- to come together to talk about smh privately


- The first prize was a set of cheap saucepan

- a number of things of the same kind that belong or are used together
- mental inclination, tendency, or habit : bent
direction of flow


set aside

to put to one side : discard
: to reserve for a purpose : save
: dismiss
: annul, overrule


- The school is closed because the company are on strike

: a business organization that makes, buys, or sells goods or provides services in exchange for money
: a group of persons or things
:a chartered commercial organization or medieval trade guild


- Following an outbreak of BSE, a herd of cows has been destroyed

a group of animals that live or are kept together (under human control
: a large group of people
the herd : common people : people as a group


- The company processed a batch of orders

an amount of something that is made at one time
: a group of people or things
computers : a set of jobs that a computer does together at one time


A gang/crowd of football fans wandered around the street breaking shop windows

a group of criminals
: a group of young people who do illegal things together and who often fight against other gangs
: a group of people who are friends and who do things together



to assign the parts of (a dramatic production) to actors (2) : to assign (as an actor) to a role or part


cast 2
cast a fishing lure>

Seaweed was cast up by the waves.
The tree cast a long shadow on the lawn.
How many votes were cast?

to throw or move (something) in a forceful way
: to throw (a fishing line, hook, etc.) into the water by using a fishing pole
: to send or direct (something) in the direction of someone or something
to throw off or away
(2) : to get rid of : discard


They threw the weapons in a heap/pile on the ground

a large, disordered pile of things
: a great number or large amount of something
: an old car that is in poor condition


The shoal of fish that had been caught were deemed inedible owing to solution in the water

a large group or number : crowd


We were all surprised when our dog gave birth to a litter of puppies


litter 2

things that have been thrown away and that are lying on the ground in a public place
: a messy pile or group of things
: dry material that is spread in a container and used as a toilet by animals (especially cats) while they are indoors or
where farm animals (as cows or chickens) are kept especially to absorb their urine and feces


Cabin crew on aircraft are drilled in safety procedures

to fix something in the mind or habit pattern of by repetitive instruction
b : to impart or communicate by repetition
c : to train or exercise in military drill


As winter approaches, the flock of starlings fly south to warmer climes

a group of animals (as birds or sheep) assembled or herded together
: a group under the guidance of a leader; especially : a church congregation
: a large number



group of soldiers


- The immigrant arrived clutching nothing but a bundle of personal possessions

a group of things fastened together for convenient handling
a considerable number : lot
a sizable sum of money
a package offering related products or services at a single price


-We were unable to open the door because a stack of boxes was blowing it

a usually neat pile : a group of things that are put one on top of the other
: a large amount of something
: a tall chimney on a factory, ship, etc., for carrying smoke away


The woman fell on the surprised burglar like a pack of wild dogs

- a group of domesticated animals trained to hunt or run together (2) : a group of often predatory animals of the same kind (3) : a large group of individuals massed together (as in a race)
- a bundle arranged for convenience in carrying especially on the back
- a group or pile of related objects


The harvest was destroyed by a huge swarm of insects

a very large number of insects moving together



not messy : clean and orderly
: liking to keep things very clean and orderly
: simple and clever
Full Definition
1 : free from dirt and disorder : habitually clean and orderly
2 a : free from admixture or dilution : straight
b : free from irregularity : smooth
3 : marked by tasteful simplicity
4 a : precise, systematic
b : marked by skill or ingenuity : adroit
5 : net
6 : fine, admirable



to get value or use from (something)
: to use (someone or something) in a way that helps you unfairly
Full Definition
transitive verb
1 : to make productive use of : utilize
2 : to make use of meanly or unfairly for one's own advantage