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Flashcards in II Final Deck (54)
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1

Contagious Mastitis: Organisms

Strep. agalactiae, Staph. aureus, Mycoplasma

2

Environmental Mastitis: Organisms

coliform bacteria

3

Gangrenous Mastitis: Organism

Staph aureus

4

Gangrenous Mastitis: Secretion Appearance

thin watery

5

Gangrenous Mastitis: Hx

peracute - calved in past few days
acute - early lactation

6

Gangrenous Mastitis: Herd Dx

SCC > 750,000
SPC > 12,500
(+) culture

7

Gangrenous Mastitis: Tx

abx that penetrates intracellular

8

Strep agalactiae: Signs

peracute - fever, anorexia
Acute - severe inflammation of gland, non-systemic
Chronic - mild inflammation, abnormal milk

9

Strep agalactiae: Tx

pro pen G

10

Coliform Mastitis: Signs

sudden onset, fever, depression, anorexia, watery milk

11

Coliform Mastitis: Tx

abx, NSAIDs, strip gland

12

Landrace: Appearance

white w/ lop ears

13

Peitrain: Appearance

lean muscle pig, white/grey w/ black patches

14

Duroc: Appearance

red, small lop ears, fast growing

15

Hampshire: Appearce

black w/ white shoulder belt

16

Yorkshire: Appearance

white w/ erect ears

17

How much of swine production is feed costs?

65-70%

18

What protein sources are closest to ideal?

corn and soybean meal

19

T/F: When the temperature reaches 85 degrees, swine feed intake increases.

False
It decreases

20

What does flushing in swine refer to?

inc. energy by 50% 10-14d before breeding (stop after mating)

21

What dzs most commonly affect neonates and are often paired together?

hypoglycemia + hypothermia

22

How much colostrum does each piglet need?

40ml (2-6 suckles) w/in 5-7hrs

23

Piglet Diarrhea: Common Organisms

rotavirus, E. coli, TGE, C. perfengens, coccidiosis

24

Piglet Diarrhea: Pathogenesis

destruction of absorptive intestinal epithelium

25

Piglet Diarrhea: Signalment/Signs

TGE - under 3wks old
I. suis - severe signs 5-14d
E. coli - yellow diarrhea

26

Piglet Diarrhea: Prevention

vx sows, management

27

(Piglet) Neonatal Polyarthritis: Signs + Signalment

periarticular swelling, 8-21d

28

Porcine Pleuropneumonia: Etiology

Actinobacillus pleruopneumonia

29

PPN: Signalment

12-16wks

30

Pasturella multocida: Signs

"thumping", fever, dog sitting, hypoxia

31

Swine Influenza: Signs

high fever, coughing, anorexia, poss. abortions

32

Swine Gastric Ulcers: Etiology

finely ground feed, heritable, interruption to feeding

33

Swine Gastric Ulcers: Signs

Chronic - anemia, weakness, inappetance, vomit

34

Swine Gastric Ulcers: Tx + Prevention

impractical individually, proper feed length and fiber content

35

Proliferative Enteropathy: Etiology

Lawsonia intracellularis

36

Proliferative Enteropathy: Signs + Signalment

dec. growth (smallter than litter mates), growing/finishing pigs

37

Swine Dysnetery: Etiology

Brachyspira hyodysenteria

38

Swine Dysentery: Signs

abdominal pain, wt. loss, dehydration, muccoid diarrhea -> poss. bloody

39

Salmonellosis: Signalment

weanling/feeder pigs

40

Transmissible Gastroenteritis: Etiology

coronavirus

41

Transmissible Gastroenteritis: Types

epizootic - runs course in 2-3 wks
enzootic - persists in herd

42

TGE: Signs

diarrhea, wt. loss, dehydration, vomit

43

TGE: Tx

none

44

Circovirus: Signs

anorexia, rapid wt. loss, unthrifty, diarrhea, respiratory

45

Pseudorabies: Etiology

herpes virus

46

Pseudorabies: Signs

fever, depression, ataxia, convulsion, respiratory,

47

Glasser's Dz: Etiology

haemophilus parasuis

48

Glasser's Dz: Signs + Signalment

3-10wk, acute septicemia, polyserositis, polyarthritis

49

Eubacterium: Signs

cystitis, pyelonephritis, depression

50

Strep. suis: Presentation

septicemia, meningitis

51

Strep. porcinus: Presentation

cervical lymphadenitis

52

Porcine Stress Syndrome: Etiology

genetic mutation

53

Porcine Stress Syndrome: Signs

muscle rigidity, tachycardia, hyperthemia, tachypnea, death

54

Porcine Stress Syndrome: Prevention

dantrolene