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Flashcards in Final Deck (93)
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1

Salmonella: Signs

fever w/ leukopenia
colic w/ diarrhea
colic w/o diarrhea

2

Salmonella: Dx

signs, culture

3

Salmonella: Tx

supportive, anti-inflammatories, analgesia

4

Equine Monocytic Ehrlichiosis (potomic fever): Signs

fever -> laminitis, diarrhea, abortion

5

Equine Monocytic Ehrlichiosis (Potomic Fever): Dx

CBC ID

6

Equine Monocytic Ehrlichiosis (Potomic Fever): Tx

oxytetracylcline

7

Clostridial Enterocolitis: Etiology

altered GI flora => Clostridum perfringens overgrowth

8

Clostridial Enterocolitis: Signs

necrotizing enterocolitis, severe toxemia, hemorrhagic diarrhea

9

Clostridail Enterocolitis: Dx

ELISA, PCR

10

Clostridial Enterocolitis: Tx

supportive

11

Cantharidin (Blister Beetle) Toxicosis: Signs

unresponsive pain, pollakuria, hematuria, cardio compromise

12

Cantharidin (Blister Beetle) Toxicosis: Dx

ID toxin

13

Cantharidin (Blister Beetle) Toxicosis: Tx

supportive

14

Right Dorsal Colitis: Etiology

phenylbutazone toxicicty

15

Choke: Classification

Primary - no underlying esophageal dysfunction (dental, behavior)
Secondary - direct issue w/ esophagus

16

Choke: Signs

profuse bilateral nasal discharge (food tinged), neck stretching, coughing

17

Choke: Dx

nasogastric tube, endosopy

18

Choke: Tx

sedation -> NG intubation and flush, treat underlying cause

19

SI Impaction: Tx

mineral oil, IV fluids

20

Duodenitis Proximal Jejunitis: Tx

gastric decompression, fluids

21

Cecal Impaction: Tx

NG intubation w/ DSS in water

22

Sand Impation: Tx

psyllium, mineral oil, sx

23

Left Dorsal Displacement: Tx

phenylephrine (splenic contraction), rolling

24

Liver: Enzymes

SDH - liver specific, acute
ALP - biliary specific, acute
AST - not liver specific, chronic
GGT - fairly liver specific, biliary specific, chronic

25

Icterus: Forms

unconjugated, conjugated

26

Unconjugated Icterus: Indicative of

hemolytic anemia, fasting

27

Conjugated Icterus: Indicative of

cholestatic dz if 25-30%

28

Secondary Photosensitization: Pathopysiology

Type III - phylloerythrin formation

29

Secondary Photosensitization: Signs

White areas
erythema -> edematous -> dry and stiff -> slough

30

Secondary Photosensitization: Tx

eliminate agent