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Flashcards in Illustrator File Types Deck (11)
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1

These have smaller file sizes but do not store a perfect copy of the image. They are best suited to photographs and other images where perfect accuracy is not important. They are also commonly used on the web to save bandwidth. They lose data as they are repeated saved. Example: JPEG

Raster images.

Lossy File Formats

2

These store an exact pixel-by-pixel representation of the image, but require more space. They are more suitable for things like logos. Arguably the best of these formats is PNG. It is widely supported and has very good compression and do not lose data as they are saved. Examples: PNG, GIF, BMP, and TIFF

Raster images.

Lossless File Formats

3

Predominantly used for the web. A larger JPG can be used for printing, but not preferred. No transparent background capabilities. Lossy.

Raster images.

JPEG

4

Predominantly used for printing. Supports layers. Lossless.

Raster file type.

TIFF

5

8bit Palette. 256 colors. Transparent background capabilities. Lossy.

Raster file type.

GIF

6

Used online. Transparent background. Lossless.

Raster file type.

PNG

7

Native Photoshop file. Supports layers and transparent background.

Raster file type.

PSD

8

Specific to cameras. Lossless.

Raster file type.

RAW

9

Has very good compatibility with many programs.

Vector file type.

EPS

10

Widely used as a general purpose file. Compatible with viewing on the web and many programs.

PDF

11

Adobe Illustrator’s native file.

AI