resistance to HIV/AIDS drugs
low CD4 count
high viral load
your viral load in HIV/AIDS should be
What medication is used for prophylactic PNA in HIV/AIDS?
pneumocystis jirovecii PNA
The CDC recommends starting HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) by the time the CD4 count reaches
350 or less
How long does seroconversion take after exposure?
3 weeks to 6 months
*how long does it go to show from HIV- to HIV + after exposure
What test is the screening for HIV?
What is the confirmatory test for HIV?
What does the early presentation of HIV at the time of seroconversion looks like what?
(weight loss, fever, night sweats)
The difference between HIV and AIDS:
CD4< 200 cells/uL
HIV + presence of opportunistic infections
DMARDS is a drug group that is used to treat rheumatic disease (rheumatiod arthritis)
NSAID + DMARDS = treatment for RA
methotrexate (cheapest, anti cancer drug) monitor LFTs
gold salt injections (old school)
Which side do you use the cane on
Fasciotomy is effective if performed within____?
a few hours
Stereotypical lupus patient
female of childbearing age
What test is 95% positive in lupus?
ANA your own antibody attacking you
neuro symptoms early
pulseless cold last
then be concerned for clotting disorders
anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia
What drugs can mimic lupus, but aren't lupus.
If you think somebody has lupus you want to rule this out first
Look at their drug list
oral contraceptives (women of childbearing age)
What condition accounts for FUO in 15% of patients >65 y/o?
giant cell arteritis
high fever up to 104 but no infection
treatment for giant cell arteritis
eye sign of chronic HTN
eye Normal cup/disk ratio: cup should not be more than 1/2 the size of the disk.
If the cup is greater than 1/2 sign of disk think
eye signs in diabetic retinopathy
red signs (retinal hemorrhages, blot and dot hemorrhages)
cotton wool spots