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Flashcards in immunology Deck (23):
1

resistance to HIV/AIDS drugs

low CD4 count

high viral load

2

your viral load in HIV/AIDS should be

undetectable

"zero"

3

What medication is used for prophylactic PNA in HIV/AIDS?

pneumocystis jirovecii PNA

bactrim

4

The CDC recommends starting HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) by the time the CD4 count reaches

350 or less

5

How long does seroconversion take after exposure?

3 weeks to 6 months

*how long does it go to show from HIV- to HIV + after exposure

6

What test is the screening for HIV?

ELISA

7

What is the confirmatory test for HIV?

Western Blot

8

What does the early presentation of HIV at the time of seroconversion looks like what?

flu-like symptoms

(weight loss, fever, night sweats)

9

The difference between HIV and AIDS:

CD4< 200 cells/uL

OR

HIV + presence of opportunistic infections

10

DMARDS is a drug group that is used to treat rheumatic disease (rheumatiod arthritis)

NSAID + DMARDS = treatment for RA

corticosteroids

methotrexate (cheapest, anti cancer drug) monitor LFTs

antimalarials (hydrochlorquine/plaquinel)

gold salt injections (old school)

11

Which side do you use the cane on

strong side

12

Fasciotomy is effective if performed within____?

a few hours

13

Stereotypical lupus patient

female of childbearing age

hair loss

fever

butterfly rash

14

What test is 95% positive in lupus?

ANA your own antibody attacking you 

15

compartment syndrome

neuro symptoms early 

pulseless cold last

16

 lupus labs:

 

 

ANA:

 

antiphospholipid bodies:

then be concerned for clotting disorders

 

anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia

17

What drugs can mimic lupus, but aren't lupus.

 

If you think somebody has lupus you want to rule this out first

Look at their drug list

cardiac meds

oral contraceptives (women of childbearing age)

18

What condition accounts for FUO in 15% of patients >65 y/o?

giant cell arteritis

elevated ESR

normal WBC

high fever up to 104 but no infection

HA

19

treatment for giant cell arteritis

prednisone

20

eye sign of chronic HTN

A/V nicking

21

eye Normal cup/disk ratio: cup should not be more than 1/2 the size of the disk.

 

If the cup is greater than 1/2 sign of disk think 

glaucoma

22

eye signs in diabetic retinopathy

red signs (retinal hemorrhages, blot and dot hemorrhages)

cotton wool spots

23