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Flashcards in Implied Terms Deck (13):
1

Where do implied terms come from?

Custom
Statute
Court

2

Explain terms implied from court...

The court can imply these terms from fact or in law

3

Explain the court implying terms from fact

A term implied by fact represents parties obvious, but unexpressed intentions
Officious Bystander Test

4

Where does the officious bystander test come from?

Shirlaw v Southern Foundries

5

Explain the court implying terms from law

These are implied from law regardless of parties wishes. These are confined to certain types of contract such as employment or land lords and tenants

6

What is the officious bystander test?

'Something so obvious it goes without saying, an officious bystander would say oh of course'

7

What case is related to a term implied by fact

Shields v Sourhern Foundries
Moorcock

8

Facts of Moorcock

C entered into a contract with D to unload cargo from their boat
They unloaded the boat in low tide which scraped the boat on rocks and damaged it

9

Outcome of Moorcock

D tried to claim there was no express term so they were not liable.
The courts referred to the officious bystander test, it was evident that damage to the boat was not in the terms

10

Purpose of implied terms from statute

The purpose of this is to protect parties with unequal bargaining power

11

Example of terms implied from statute

Unfair Contract Terms Act provisions the Sale of Goods Act - goods for sale must be satisfactory. This is compulsory in contracts with consumers

12

Explain terms implied by custom

Terms implied by the customs from the relevant market

13

What can undermine implied terms?

Express terms