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A2 Biology- Unit 3 > Importance Of ATP > Flashcards

Flashcards in Importance Of ATP Deck (3)
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Explain the process of chemiosmosis

Protons pass through ATP synthetase.
Flow of protons generate an electrochemical gradient
This drives the phosphorylation of ADP to form ATP


Compare mitochondrial and chloroplast membranes?

In mitochrondria protons flow from the intermembrane space into the matrix
In chloroplasts protons flow from the thylakoid space into the stroma


Why is ATP the universal currency?

Used for all reactions in cells
Easily transported and releases energy efficiently (30.6KJ)
Single enzyme required