Important People and Drugs/Govt Agencies/Population Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Important People and Drugs/Govt Agencies/Population Terms Deck (41):
1

pre-op disinfectant

iodine

2

methycilline resistant staph aureus is ____; hospitals use ____ now

MRSA
vancomycin

3

___ was used for newborn's eyes; now ___ used

silver nitrate
erythromycin

4

MCC of ophthalmia neonatorum is ____; ____ prevents it

gonorrhea
erythromycin (used to be silver nitrate)

5

inhibits cell wall synthesis

penicillin

6

for gram -
competes with PABA (Para-amino Benzoic acid)

sulfa

7

for gram - and +; inhibits protein synthesis
considered "broad spectrum anti-biotic"

tetracycline

8

adverse effect of tetracycline

turns teeth yellow

9

developed humoral "Phagocytic" theory of immune response

Burnet/Metchinkoff

10

discovered bacteriophage, an altered virus

Felix D'Herelle

11

magic bullet- sulfa drugs; first treatment for Syphilis

Ehrlich

12

discovered penicillin

Flemming

13

Discovered the "virus"; tobacco virus was first

Iwanowski

14

Developed smallpox vaccine

Jenner

15

Proved bacteria "causes" disease; ANTHRAX (Woolsorters Disease) vaccine

Koch

16

Classified Streptococcus

Rebecca Lancefield

17

Developed first microscope, saw microorganisms

Leeuwenhoek

18

Antisepsis, used carbolic acid to sterilize surgical instruments

Lister

19

Father of Pathology, Father of Germ Theory
*Rabies Vaccine*

Pasteur
(also pasteurization of wine and milk)

20

Discovered prions (cause mad cow)

Stanley Pyusner

21

Discovered yellow fever which is spread by ______

Walter Reed
Ades Eqyptide Mosquite or Chicken Gunga

22

Live polio vaccine, given orally

sabin

23

dead polio vaccine, given by injection (done before live vaccine)

salk

24

Came up with washing of hands before delivering baby which reduced *PUERPERAL FEVER* (childbed fever)

Semmelweis

25

govt. agency for *STATISTICS*, part of US health services

Center for Disease Control (CDC)

26

Monitors soil, air and water quality

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

27

Regulates health products released to public

Food & Drug Administration (FDA)

28

Controls FDA, CDC, USPHS, OSHA

Dept of Health and Human Services (HHS)

29

Controls *RESEARCH*

National Institute of Health (NIH)

30

Makes rules concerning occupational toxicity levels of hazardous materials

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

31

Responsible for milk and milk productions

US Dept of Agriculture USDA

32

New disease or rapid increase of disease in incidence or geographic range

emerging

33

small number of cases in specific location

endemic

34

# of *NEW* cases in a given time period

incidence

35

*TOTAL* # of cases at particular point in time

prevalence

36

first 4 steps of water purification

Primary Sewage Treatment

37

step in water purification with aluminum trichloride added (clumps involved)

flocculation

38

step in water purification when precipitate falls

sedimentation

39

step in water purification that anaerobic bacteria added

sludge digestion

40

sand filtration, aeration, chlorination, possible

secondary treatment in water purification

41

step in water purification that kills remaining anaerobic bacteria by TRICKLING FILTER
-- and that decreases BOD (biological oxygen demand)

aeration